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Uchambuzi

Why Dar should be cautious of the Coalition of Willing (CoW) members

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Last week the so called Coalition of the Willing (CoW) surreptitiously forged by Kenya, Uganda and Rwanda, was swept under the carpet and the three members accepted, grudgingly, Tanzania and Burundi into their fold.

The CoW members had no option, given the mastery delivery, a week earlier, of President Jakaya Kikwete’s speech on the issue.

Dr Kikwete’s speech, which was not only air-tight, but also legally and diplomatically laced, was the best he has ever delivered since he became the President of the United Republic of Tanzania eight years ago!

However, much as the CoW members appear, on the surface, to have buried their bustard baby, but Tanzania should treat the three members with utmost caution!

For there are all signs that the three countries are still scheming, particularly against Tanzania, and the latter does not seem to have learnt anything from the breakup of the original EAC!

And talking about the ‘signs’ one has simply got to listen very careful to Presient Uhuru Kenyatta’s speech when he was inaugurating the construction of the standard railroad from Mombasa to Uganda to pick up those hidden hints!

The Kenyan president was very sarcastic about claims made by Tanzania and Burundi that they were being isolated.

After being forced to establish a new airline (Air Tanzania Corporation which we are still building!), at a staggering cost, and other services which had hitherto been handled jointly, Tanzania still believes that countries like Kenya, Uganda and Rwanda are serious in the EAC project!

The fact of the matter is that the three countries are not, and whatever they do about the EAC is always aimed at fulfilling their own hidden agendas!

For instance, for Rwanda, it is about survival, and they have every right to do that and one cannot blame them!

After overcoming the trauma of the 1994 genocide, the Rwandan government has always been forced to look over its shoulders for the former General Juvenal Habyarimana’s troops in the Democratic Republic of Congo, DRC.

It is therefore the hope of the Rwandan government that through the federation, they would be able to solve the threat posed by the former Rwandan army and interahamwe.

For Uganda, their involvement in the EAC project is more or less similar to that held by the Rwandan government.

President, Yoweri Museveni, would very much like to be the first president of the EAC federation.

The realization of such a dream would help the Ugandan president in getting away from the ‘heat’ he is presently facing in Uganda!

It’s not sexy when a whole director general of intelligence and security just releases some nasty information on your succession plans and finally disappears into oblivion!

Museveni knows once he becomes the EAC Federation president, his enemies in Uganda would not be able to pull the carpet under the feet of whomever he has installed in Kampala as they would be severely and jointly dealt with by the combined defence forces of the region.

As for the Kenyans, their reason for being part of the EAC project is somehow different. They want a bigger market and of course, the land which they could use in off-loading part of their countrymen!

By the way, do you remember how the land question almost threatened Uhuru’s campaign during the March general election?

All the three countries’ personal wishes, as narrated above, can only be realized if Tanzania, whose country’s size can accommodate all the four-kenya, Uganda, Rwanda and Burundi, agrees to play the ball!

For now, Tanzania has not. Its reluctance to play the ball has been brought about after its populace said they were against fast-tracking of the EAC Federation.

And the reluctance was put in better perspective by President Kikwete in his classic speech, when he said: “We have experience in our own Union (the first and only surviving one in Africa) with Zanzibar.”

Last week, Uganda’s leading English daily, The VISION was very visionary when it wrote that one of the main reasons behind the formation of the CoW was Kenya’s fears that Tanzania would soon overtake her as the biggest economy in the region through its decision to construct the the Bagamoyo port which would be the biggest in Africa.

The paper noted that it was because of such fears that Kenya had managed to influence the two other countries to embark on the construction of a  massive infrastructure in the form of standard railroads that would wean Uganda, Rwanda from the Tanzanian ports, and in particular, the planned construction of the Bagamoyo port.

What the VISION did not however, say is what had motivated both Uganda and Rwanda into joining Kenya.

The truth is that much as the Rwandan government has always disassociated itself from the M23, the fact is that their (M23) presence in eastern DRC (before they were destroyed by UN intervention force) had always helped the Rwandan regime in keeping in check the former Rwandan army and interahamwe forces.

However, after the arrival of the Tanzanian troops under the umbrella of the United Nations intervention force along with troops from South Africa and Malawi, and under the command of a Tanzanian General, Kigali sulked!

And as if that was not bad enough, the worst later happened, the destruction by the UN intervention force of the M23, hence the disappearance, into thin air of Rwanda government’s dreams!

Therefore President Museveni’s impatience in becoming the new chief executive officer of the EAC Federation helped him in becoming a willing player in the ‘defunct’ CoW with the other two presidents from Kenya and Rwanda!

The Tanzania government should now look critically at what I have just narrated, and it will discover that the three issues are still relevant and cannot therefore be swept under the carpet as long as Tanzania does not play the ball!

What should Tanzania do? Should they rush into the EAC? No, they should not! Doing that would be suicidal!

 In fact, Tanzania does not need to waste its time in this animal called the EAC which is presently being pushed, left, right and centre, by our so called Development Partners whose intention is nothing but to get a bigger market!

It is important for Tanzania to bear in mind that ‘those pushing’ EAC countries into the Federation actually want to later use others into bringing pressure to bear on what they consider to be their would-be biggest prize, the United Republic of Tanzania, which does not only have arable land galore, but also all kinds of minerals, including gas and oil.

Therefore the best way of dealing with the CoW, is for Tanzania to do exactly what Kenya, Uganda and Rwanda did as the CoW lasted, and do it very fast, get into construction of standard railroads that would support Bagamoyo port as soon as it’s construction is completed!

Tanzania should approach the same country, China, which provided them with the loan for the construction of the Bagamoyo port to get another massive credit for construction of a network of standard rail in the country that would link Bagamoyo port with countries like Zimbabwe, Malawi, Zambia, Burundi and the DRC.

Without linking the new Bagamoyo port with a robust network of railroads, the port could easily be reduced into a massive store for storing imports rather than a gateway of both imports and exports to the rest of the world!

Tanzania’s efficiency in running both the rail network and Bagamoyo port would eventually force countries like Uganda and Rwanda to turn to Bagamoyo port!

The beauty of Tanzania embarking on such project is that it will keep the country in a very strong economic position regardless of whether or not Tanzania is in the EAC!

At the end of the day, Tanzania would not find itself in the same quagmire it found itself in when the original EAC collapsed in June, 1977!

For after the collapse of the original EAC, Tanzania found itself sagging with a massive burden of having to establish new infrastructure after losing those it had jointly participated in, in their construction and which were located in Kenya.

For instance, it had to urgently look for fund for re-establishment of its communication link after losing Longonot in Kenya by building the Mwenge Satellite!

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Jamii

Siri iliyofichika mauaji ya wanandoa nchini

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Hivi karibuni tumeshuhudia matukio kadhaa ya vifo kwa wanandoa, aidha mume kumuua mke wake au mke kumuua mume wake.

Ni matukio ya kusikitisha ambayo yameripotiwa sehemu mbalimbali Tanzania ikiwemo Mkuranga, Pwani, Dodoma and Tabora. Mauaji haya yamezua maswali mengi huku kila mmoja akitoa tafsiri yake kwa namna anavyoiona hali.

Nimesikiliza maoni ya watu mbalimbali wakijaribu kudadavua ni kitu gani kimetokea mpaka vifo hivi vimetokea; maoni mengi yamekuwa ni kukosa hofu ya Mungu na wengine wakiamini ni nguvu za kishirikina.

Ningependa kutoa maelezo ya kitaalamu kwa nini matukio haya hutokea na nini kifanyike kuzuia aina hii ya matukio kutokea katika ndoa zetu.

Nianze kwa kusema taaluma yangu ni sayansi ya jamii ambayo nimejikita katika Saikolojia ya Binadamu (Human Psychology) na Ushauri Nasihi (Counseling). Naamini kwa taaluma hii niko sehemu sahihi kueleza tatizo hili.

Mauaji kwa wanandoa sio swala jipya duniani na pia linatokea kwa kiwango kikubwa kila mwaka. Dk. Aaron Ben-Zeeve katika kitabu chake In the Name of Love: Romantic Ideology and its Victims cha mwaka 2008 anaeleza kuwa takriban asilimia 40 ya wanawake huuawa na waume zao na asilimia 6 ya wanaume huuawa na wake zao kila mwaka duniani.

Takwimu hizo zinadhihirisha wazi kuwa tatizo kubwa liko kwa wanaume kuliko wanawake. Sababu zifuatazo zinaweza kueleza chanzo cha tatizo hili:

Niweke wazi kwamba, sababu za mauaji kutokea ni mchanganyiko wa mambo mengi kwa wakati mmoja, hivyo sababu nitakazozieleza hapa hazina maana ndiyo hizo tu bali zitatoa mwanga kwanini tatizo hutokea.

Nikianza kwasababu za kijamii, makuzi ya watoto wa kiume na watoto wa kike ni tofauti sana karibu jamii zote duniani. Jamii nyingi duniani humkuza mtoto wa kiume na kumfanya kujua yeye ni shujaa, mlinzi na kuwa yuko juu ya mwanamke.

Wanaume wengi tunajiona wajasiri, wenye nguvu na wanawake wako chini yetu hivyo tunaweza kufanya lolote kwao.

                                    Wanaume wengi tunajiona wajasiri, wenye nguvu na wanawake wako chini yetu

Makuzi haya ya jamii yanakwenda moja kwa moja kushawishi saikolojia ya mwanaume, hata katika ndoa. Mwanaume huonesha nguvu zake kwa mwanamke (Masculinity). Hivyo kunakuwa na mpaka baina ya mwanamke na mwanaume.

Hapa tunashuhudia matukio ya mara kwa mara ya wanaume kupiga wake zao kila kukicha. Hii halitokei bahati mbaya kwani makuzi ya jamii yameshawishi saikolojia ya mwanaume na kumfanya mwenye nguvu na anaweza kusahihisha kosa la mwanamke kwa kutumia nguvu na sio mjadala au mazungumzo.

Mjadala kwa wanaume ni dalili ya udhaifu na hii ni dalili ya kuwa na matatizo ya kisaikolojia.

Nitoe mfano mdogo tu, binti mwenye umri wa miaka 21 akitaka kwenda dukani usiku anaogopa sana, ila akisindikizwa na mtoto wa kiume mwenye umri wa miaka 7 anajisikia amani kabisa na uoga hutoweka.

Saikolojia hii inaruhusu amani kwenye mwili wako kwa kuwa tayari mapokeo ya jamii yamekuaminisha kuwa mwanaume ni mwenye nguvu na mlinzi.

Nikigeukia katika upande wa pili wa saikolojia unaochangia vifo kwa wanandoa. Binadamu wote tumeumbwa na nafsi mbili (personality) ambazo ni nafsi imara (strong personality) na nafsi dhaifu (weak personality).

Mtu mwenye nafsi imara ni yule anayeweza kupata msukosuko katika maisha, akaumia ila asikate tamaa akakubali mabadiliko na kuwa tayari kuishi nayo na kufanya vyema zaidi hapo mbele.

Lakini mtu mwenye nafsi dhaifu ni yule anayepitia msukosuko akaumia, akakata tama, akashindwa kuishi na mabadiliko na kuona hakuna namna ya kuendelea kuishi na mabadiliko hayo.

Wengi wetu tumepita huko na tunazidi kupita katika hizi nafsi mbili. Kwa maelezo hayo wanaume wengi wanaoishia kuwauwa wanawake zao mara nyingi wanakuwa na nafsi dhaifu ambazo huwaonyesha wako katika hali mbaya na hawawezi kutoka hapo walipo.

Wivu wa mapenzi ni sababu ya mauaji ya wanandoa

Nafsi hii hujidhihirisha kwa mapenzi waliyonayo kwa mwanamke husika kwamba ni mazito mno hivyo yanawapelekea wafanye vitu vya hatari.

Tafiti nyingi za saikolojia zinaonesha wale wanaowauwa wake zao husikika wakisema; nilimpenda sana huyu mwanamke kaniumiza, ama yeye ndio alikuwa nuru ya maisha yangu, kaififisha, ama wengine husema ni kwa sababu ya mapenzi ndio maana nimefanya haya.

Japo utetezi wa mapenzi hapo juu haukubaliki kisaikolojia ila tafiti zinaonesha nafsi dhaifu inayoandamwa na msongo wa mawazo wa muda mrefu humfanya mtu kupanga tukio la mauaji kwa kuwa haoni kama kuna njia mbadala zaidi ya kifo.

Kwa ufafanuzi zaidi, msongo wa mawazo (stress) hutokana na hali ya mazingira yanayokuzunguka kutokuendana na matarajio ya ubongo wako. Mfano, ulitegemea mpenzi wako ni mwaminifu (hali ya ubongo wako) ila ukamkuta na mtu mwingine (hali ya mazingira) hapo msongo wa mawazo hutokea kwani hakuna usawa baina ya ubongo na mazingira yako.

Kwa mantiki hii ni kwamba, kuweza kuwa na nafsi imara ni lazima tujifunze namna ya kufanya hivyo kwa kuwaona wataalamu wa saikolojia na ushauri nasahi. Ama wakati mwingine, kuzungumza na watu wenye uzoefu na jambo ambalo unalipitia kama vile wabobezi katika maswala ya ndoa, biashara, elimu na mengineyo.

Mantiki hapa ni kwamba, wakati mwanadamu anapokuwa na tatizo lazima apate suluhisho, sasa kwenye suluhisho hapo maamuzi ndipo hutofautiana kwa wengine huona ni mwisho wa dunia na wengine huona mwanga mwisho wa safari.

Nini kifanyike katika hali kama hii? Nitaeleza kwa uchache japo suluhisho linaweza kuwa la aina mbalimbali, ila kitaalamu ningeshauri tufanye hili:

Ndoa ni taasisi kama ilivyo taasisi nyingine, inahitaji ujuzi, uvumilivu, utashi na uelewa. Misukosuko ya ndoa ni mikubwa kwa kuwa inahusisha hisia hivyo hata namna ya kuitatua inahitaji hisia imara hususani nafsi imara kuweza kuliendea tatizo kwa umakini.

Kitu kikubwa ambacho tunaweza kufanya kama wanandoa, tujenge tabia endapo matatizo yanakuwa makubwa tuende kuwaona wataalamu wa ushauri nasahi ama wanasaikolojia ambao wamefunzwa namna ya kufanya kazi na msongo wa hisia (Emotional Stress).

Wataalamu hawa hutoa maelekezo ambayo yanaweza kumjenga mtu na kufanya nafsi dhaifu kuwa imara.

Kwa wale ambao wanaona ni gharama kwenda kwa wataalamu wa saikolojia na ushauri nasahi waende kwa wanandoa wakongwe waliokaa kwenye ndoa kwa muda mrefu wanaweza kuzungumza na kuweza kumfanya mtu aone kuna mwanga mwisho wa safari badala ya kukata tamaa na kuchukua maamuzi magumu ya kumuua mwenzi wako.

Nihitimishe kwa kusema, saikolojia ya mwanadamu yeyote yule inahitaji matunzo na matibabu ya mara kwa mara kama vile mwili wa binadamu unavyokwenda kwa tabibu kupimwa na kupatiwa dawa. Wengi wetu hupuuza umuhimu huu na mwishowe tunatenda mambo mabaya bila kujua tu wagonjwa.

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Kimataifa

Uuzaji, umiliki wa silaha Rwanda usiwe sababu ya kuvuruga amani Afrika

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Hivi karibuni Rwanda imebadili Sheria yake ya mwaka 2009 iliyokuwa inakataza umiliki na uuzwaji wa silaha za moto. Sheria mpya ya silaha za moto nchini humo inaruhusu wananchi kumiliki silaha na pia watu binafsi kufungua maduka ya uuzwaji wa silaha za moto.

Sheria inaenda mbali zaidi na kuruhusu uwekezaji wa viwanda vya silaha za moto nchini Rwanda.

Serikali ya Rwanda imetetea uamuzi huo kwa kusema ni wakati sahihi kwa raia wake kumiliki silaha na kudai kuwa itasimaia vizuri sekta hiyo ili isilete madhara.

Hatua hii ya kubadili Sheria na kuruhusu watu binafsi kuwa na maduka ya kuuza silaha za moto na pia kuruhusu uwekezaji katika viwanda vya silaha za moto imeamsha hisia tofauti za wananchi na wachambuzi mbalimbali masuala ya usalama Afrika.

Nchi zetu za Afrika bado zinakabiliwa na changamoto lukuki ikiwamo usalama, vita vya wenyewe kwa wenyewe, ujambazi uliokithiri, ugaidi, fujo katika chaguzi na mambo mengine mengi.

Haya na mengine mengi yanaleta hofu endapo ubinafsishaji holela unafanyika katika silaha za moto. Hapa najaribu kufikiria matokeo ya mbele zaidi, kwani madhara yake yanaweza yasiwe sasa ila katika muda mrefu ujao tunaweza kuyaona kwa wingi.

Nieleze wasiwasi wangu katika uamuzi huo wa kubinafsisha sekta ya silaha za moto. Kwanza kabisa sio wananchi kumiliki silaha, hili halina tatizo sana kwani hata Tanzania tunafanya hivi lakini kupitia kwa taasisi za Serikali.

Wasiwasi mkubwa nilionao ni kubinafsisha silaha za moto kuuzwa katika masoko huria na wawekezaji kuwekeza katika sekta hiyo.

Najaribu kutafakari, Je, hitaji la wananchi lilikuwa silaha za moto kana kwamba kulikuwa na upungufu kiasi cha kuruhusu watu kuwekeza katika sekta hiyo?

Je, ajenda hii haina msukumo wowote kutoka kwa mabepari ambao biashara yao kubwa ni uuzaji wa silaha za moto na wanatafuta masoko mapya Afrika?

Duka la silaha za aina mbalimbali

Twakimu za Taasisi ya Utafiti ya Stockholm International Peace (SIPRI) za mwaka 2015 zinaonesha kuwa makampuni makubwa kumi bora ya utengenezaji wa silaha za moto duniani, nane yanatoka Marekani, moja Italia na lingine Umoja wa Ulaya.

Takwimu hizi pia zinaonesha nchi zinazouza silaha za moto kwa wingi duniani ni pamoja na Marekani, Urusi, China, Ufaransa, Ujerumani, Uingereza, Uhispania, Italia, Ukraine na Israeli.

Taarifa ya SIPRI ya mwaka 2012 zinaeleza kuwa nchi kumi bora zinazoagiza silaha kwa wingi duniani ni India, Saudi Arabia, Umoja wa Kiarabu, China, Australia, Aljeria, Uturuki, Iraq, Pakistani, Vietnam. Katika orodha hii, utaona nchi za Afika ni chache sana kwani nyingi huagiza silaha kwa kiwango kidogo na nyingine hufanya biashara kwa magendo.

Kwa takwimu hizo hapo juu, ni dhahiri sasa mabepari hawa wanatafuta mahala pa kuwekeza viwanda vyao vya silaha za moto na Afrika ni chaguo lao kwa wakati huu.

Hata hivyo, Hii inaweza kuwa fursa nzuri kwa Rwanda kwani watapata wawekezaji wengi katika sekta hii ila waathirika wa silaha hizi za moto ni majirani ambao inatupasa tukae chonjo sasa.

Marekani kama mfano duniani imekuwa muhanga mkubwa wa Sera na Sheria zake za ubinafsishaji wa silaha za moto ambapo upatikanaji wa silaha umekuwa rahisi kiasi kwamba maduka binafsi yanauza silaha hizo.

Tangu mwaka 2011, kumezuka matukio mengi ya watu kupigwa risasi katika shule na maeneo yenye mikusanyiko ya watu. Matukio haya nchini Marekani yanazidi kila mwaka na sasa wananchi wameanza kuipigia kelele sheria ya silaha za moto ibadilishwe.

Ugumu wa kubadili Sheria hizi nchini Marekani unatokana na ukweli kwamba ni biashara inayoingiza kipato kikubwa kwa makampuni ya nchi hiyo. Takwimu za SIPRI za mwaka 2012 zinakadiria kuwa mapato ya jumla ya makampuni 100 makubwa ya uuzaji wa silaha za moto yanafika Dola za Marekani 395 bilioni.

Kwa hakika hii ni biashara kubwa inayoweza kuipatia nchi mapato. Na sasa tunaweza kushuhudia Rwanda ikiwa moja ya nchi inayoweza kufaidika na mpango huu wa ubinafsishaji sekta ya silaha za moto.

Lakini fursa hiyo ya Rwanda kutengeneza silaha inapaswa kuangaliwa kwa jicho la tatu ili isiwe chanzo cha kuchochea machafuko katika nchi za Afrika, ikizingatiwa kuwa bado bara hilo halijatulia; ziko nchi kama Sudan ya Kusini, Somalia, Congo DRC, Jamhuri ya Kati, Burundi ambazo zinakumbwa na mizozo ya kisiasa.

Nchi hizo zinaweza kutumia silaha zinazouzwa Rwanda kuendeleza mapigano katika nchi zao. Katika hili serikali ya Rwanda inapaswa kuweka mfumo madhubuti wa kusimamia utengenezaji na uuzaji wa silaha hizo ili zisivurue amani ya Afrika.

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Siasa

Ubinafsishaji wa demokrasia unavyodidimiza maendeleo Afrika Mashariki

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Wagiriki wana tafsiri yao demokrasia kama ‘uongozi wa watu’. Na tafsiri ya kisasa inaelezeaza demokrasia zinasema ni mfumo wa serikali unaoongozwa na watu moja kwa moja ama kwa kutumia wawakilishi wanaotokana na wao wenyewe.

Tunashuhudia ubinafsishaji wa demokrasia katika bara la Afrika na hasa ukanda wa Afrika Mashariki. Wananchi wamekuwa mihuri ya watawala katika kupitisha maamuzi yao ili kutoa uhalali wa ubinafsishaji huu.

Tumeshuhudia Burundi, nchi mwanachama wa Afrika Mashariki ikitumia wananchi kuhalalisha ukomo wa uongozi kwa kupiga kura kubadilisha katiba kutoka miaka 5 hadi miaka 7 kwa muhula mmoja.

Hili limetokea baada ya Uganda nao kubadilisha katiba yao mwaka 2017 kuondoa ukomo wa umri kwa Rais wa kugombea wa miaka 75. Lakini kabla ya hapo mwaka 2005, mabadiliko ya katiba yalifanyika na kuondoa ukomo wa mihula ya uongozi yakimruhusu rais Yoweri Museveni kuendelea kugombea.

Mabadiliko mengine ya katiba yalifanyika Rwanda ambapo wananchi walipiga kura mwaka 2017 kumruhusu rais Paul Kagame kuhudumu mihula mingine miwili kila muhula ukiwa na miaka 7.

Sudan ya Kusini nako mambo sio shwari, kwani walipaswa kuwa na uchaguzi mwaka 2015 ambapo ungekuwa uchaguzi wao wa kwanza tangu kupata uhuru ila haukufanyika kutokana na mgogoro unaondelea. Bunge la nchi yao likafanya mabadiliko kwenye katiba yao ya mpito ya mwaka 2011 ili kuongeza muda wa uchaguzi mpaka mwaka 2018 mwezi wa saba.

Nchi wanachama pekee ambao ni Tanzania na Kenya bado zimekuwa imara zikiheshimu katiba zao na kuzingatia mihula ya uongozi. Ni jambo zuri kuona nchi hizi mbili bado ziko imara, lakini ni jambo la kuwa waangalifu kwani nchi hizi zinaweza kutumbukia katika mkumbo wa nchi zingine wanachama na kubadili katiba zao.

Hivi karibuni minong’ono ilianza nchini Tanzania kutoka kwa baadhi ya watu na wabunge waliotaka mabadiliko ya katiba yatakayoruhusu Rais kuhudumu kwa muda mrefu zaidi. Ila Rais John Magufuli alizima mjadala huo na kusema wazi hana nia ya kufanya hivyo kwani anaheshimu katiba ya nchi na hawezi kuivunja.

Niwakumbushe kuwa Tanzania sio mara ya kwanza kuwa na minong’ono ya kuongeza muda wa Rais kusalia madarakani. Katika kitabu cha Mwalimu Nyerere kijulikanacho kama “Uongozi wetu na Hatima ya Tanzania” Mwalimu alieleza wazi ya kuwa kulikuwa na minong’ono kutoka kwa watu na wabunge ambao walitaka Rais Ali Hassan Mwinyi asalie madarakani kwa muhula mmoja zaidi. Mwalimu alikiri wazi kuwa alihuzunishwa na jambo hilo kisha alimwendea Rais Mwinyi ili aweze kufunga mjadala huo ili kuweza kuheshimu matakwa ya katiba.

Kwa nchi ambazo zimefanikiwa kuongeza ukomo wa uongozi wamefanya hivyo kwa kisingizio cha maslahi ya kisiasa ya baadhi ya watu ambao wana uchu wa madaraka. Ukweli unabaki  kuwa, wananchi wanatumika kupitisha ajenda za viongozi ambao wameamua kubinafsisha demokrasia kwa matakwa yao binafsi.

Ubinafsishaji huu wa demokrasia unadhihirisha maovu yake kwa kuongezeka kwa migogoro, ukosefu wa amani na uvunjifu wa haki za binadamu katika nchi zilizowageuka wananchi wao na kuishia kujinufaisha wao wenyewe.

Kwa kuzingatia ubinafsishaji huu wa demokrasia Afrika, baraza la Umoja wa Afrika liliazimia mwaka 2007, kuwa na Mkataba wa Afrika juu ya Demokrasia, Uchaguzi na Utawala kama unavyojulikana kwa kiingereza “The African Charter on Democracy, Elections and Governance”.

Mkataba huu unajumuisha jumla ya wananchama 54 wa Umoja wa Afrika ambao ulianza rasmi Februari 15, 2012. Kati ya wanachama hao 54, waliotia sahihi na Kuridhia mkataba huo ni wanachama 10 tu ikiwamo Rwanda kwa Afrika Mashariki.

Wanachama waliotia sahihi bila kuridhia ni 28 ikiwamo Kenya, Uganda na Burundi kwa Afrika Mashariki. Wanachama ambao hawajatia sahihi wala kuurudhia ni 16 ikiwamo Tanzania.

Mkataba huo umekuja kama suluhisho la miaka mingi la utawala mbovu hususani chaguzi zisizo huru na haki, uvunjifu wa haki za binadamu, ushiriki hafifu wa wananchi katika serikali zao, na mabadiliko ya serikali bila kufuata katiba.

Mkataba huo unalenga kuimarisha ahadi na utayari wa nchi wananchama wa Umoja wa Afrika unaotaka kuwe na thamani ya demokrasia, heshima kwa haki za binadamu, uongozi wa sheria, ukuu wa katiba na mfumo thabiti wa katiba katika mipangilio ya dola.

Haya yote yamelenga kuwapa nguvu nchi wanachama kuweza kuwa walezi kwa wengine endapo makubaliano haya yatavunjwa. Ila mpaka sasa ubinafsishaji wa demokrasia unaendelea licha ya mkataba huo kupitishwa mwaka 2012.

Nitoe rai kwa Waafrika wenzangu tupaze sauti kwa nchi zetu kutia sahihi na kuridhia mkataba huu ili tuweze kuimarisha demokrasia Afrika. Tukumbuke kuwa mkataba huu umetokana na sisi waafrika wenyenye sio ile aina ya mikataba ambayo inatokana na misukumo ya nchi za Magharibi ambayo mara nyingi inakuwa na ajenda binafsi.

Kwa kuhitimisha, Afrika ni yetu sote na sisi wananchi tuna jukumu la kuhakikisha tunaimarisha demokrasia yetu wenyewe kwa kuzingatia matakwa yetu kwa kuwakumbusha viongozi wetu kwamba tumewapa madaraka ya kusimamia hoja zetu na sio matakwa yao binafsi.

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Muhimu Kusoma

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