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Which way on tobacco; wealth or health?



There is a big fight going on in Tanzania just like anywhere in the world. The winning card is within ourselves. Tobacco is the center of the battle field. One side is battling on profit-making while killing and the other is trying to stop it – is very much against the norm of “allow us to poison you and we will give you jobs.” SIMON MKINA is asking – creating jobs for corpses? Reads on.

Tanzania is the second largest producer of tobacco after Malawi in Africa and stands at eighth rank in the world.

Currently, in Tanzania there are three cigarette manufacturing companies; which are Tanzania Cigarette – owned by Japanese, Master Mind – owned by local and one owned by world giant Philip Morris Tanzania.

Apart from these, there is little manufacturing of processed tobacco into cigarettes and other products in Tanzania since the domestic market consume about 5 percent of tobacco produced locally.

Studies from The Sokoine University of Agriculture (SUA) shows that the country is losing more than 61,000 hectares of forestry from tobacco related activities each year. And 12.389 cubic meters of trees are felled in Tabora region alone due to the same doings.

These tobacco manufacturing companies all together will be producing 5 billion cigarettes per year, stating this year. This means the world should expect more negative impacts on the production, distribution and usage of the killer fumes.

Deputy Minister of Health, Community Development, Gender, Elderly and Children, Dr. Faustine Ndugulile said nearly 14.7% of the population is smoking tobacco products while 9% are youth Tanzanians.

Dr. Ndugulile said study shows that 17.5% people in households who don’t actively smoke tobacco, are exposed to the substance by other smokers. And, 24.9 percent are exposed to the tobacco smoke in workplaces.

Tobacco usage in Tanzania is contributing to death of nearly 200,000 yearly and the number is expected to rise as there is another cigarettes company coming on board.

Even though fewer men die from tobacco in Tanzania than on average in low-HDI countries, tobacco still kills 244 men and 86 women every week.

Numbers show that more than 12,600 boys and 5,000 girls who smoke cigarettes each day, contributing to an ongoing and dire public health threat.

Data obtained from the Tanzania cancer hospital – Ocean Road Cancer Institute (ORCI) and Muhimbili National Hospital (MNH) shows that 32 per cent of the cancer cases reporting to these institutions are linked to smoking tobacco.

Unfortunately, every year researchers find more and more evidence that smoking, and other tobacco products in general, are harming the lives of our people, our governments (and that of Zanzibar) are not listening, they keep on allowing more and more killer industries in the name of boosting economy.

Numbing facts proves that smoking and any usage of tobacco kills more people that road, water and air transports do.

Each year – in the world, 4.5 trillion cigarette butts are disposed off. A generous estimate is that half of them end up in landfills – the other half ends up in soil, lakes, oceans, and forests. Cigarette butts are theoretically biodegradable (they are made of cellulose acetate) but it takes them just under 2 years to completely vanish – and that is under perfect conditions.

           Tonnes of cigarette butts are disposed off in soil, lakes, oceans, and forests each year


Apart from that, 600 million trees are chopped down every year by the tobacco industry. Keep in mind that for every 15 packs of cigarettes a smoker smokes, one tree had to die.

Scientists in Tanzania are saying tobacco industry in Tanzania produces 1.9 million metric tons of carbon dioxide in one year – although global tobacco production quadruples that amount. For comparison, one car produces 4 million times less. Shutting down the tobacco industry equates to taking 3 million cars off the streets every single year.

Tobacco manufacturers use four miles of paper every hour to wrap and package cigarettes and other products – making the entire industry a sizeable contributor to deforestation although it already is one to begin with.

In this juncture, human health impacts of tobacco use are well-documented. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that there will be more than 10 million tobacco-related deaths a year by 2030, amounting to 10% of annual deaths worldwide.

The tobacco industry is active in promoting the alleged positive aspects of tobacco farming and in “protecting” farmers from what they portray as unfair tobacco control regulations that reduce demand.

Tobacco farming has many negative consequences for the health and wellbeing of farmers, as well as for the environment and some living organism.

With all these evident negative impacts of tobacco products to environment and health of our people, tobacco business remains with a conflicting interests; from the public health against wealth.

On economic side, governments and tobacco business players are propagating messages that tobacco has created millions of jobs across the world, pouring resources into national coffers and generally, contributing to respective countries’ gross domestic product.

In Tanzania, it is estimated tobacco products generates USD 150 million each year in the national income, while it is not clear how much our governments spend on treating patients with tuberculosis, hypertension, lungs and other respiratory diseases. It should be more.

Apart from that, tobacco products cause different types of cancerous diseases and it has come to light that more than half of tobacco users die early compared to non-users.


In 2005, Tanzania has endorsed the WHO-FCTC, which is an international and binding legal treaty that obliges the 181 member countries not to provide any incentives to tobacco companies such as tax exemptions, and the treaty commits governments to assist tobacco farmers in diversifying their cash-paying crops.

But Tanzania is still lagging behind when it comes to active exposing campaign to stop tobacco. In major town, there a lot of “street boys” selling cigarettes without fearing law enforcers or anybody.

This selling of tobacco products everywhere and to anybody, hinders Tanzania slow campaign in curbing tobacco use.

It should be understood that the product doesn’t damage just health, but also economies.

“Tobacco is a barrier to sustainable development on all fronts. Now is the time for leaders to implement strong policies proven to protect their citizens from tobacco,” said WHO Director General Dr. Tedros Ghebreyesus while addressing The World Conference on Tobacco or Health in Cape Town, South Africa in March, this year.

It is now high time for Tanzania governments to stop entertaining tobacco industries. They are openly killing our people in the name of bringing wealth. Shame.

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Kadi alama ya lishe  kutokomeza utapiamlo, udumavu kwa watoto chini ya miaka 5



Serikali imeanza kutumia kadi alama ya lishe ili kuongeza uwajibikaji kwa watoa huduma itakayosaidia kupunguza tatizo la utapiamlo na udumavu kwa watoto nchini.

Muhtasari wa hali ya utapiamlo Tanzania ya mwaka 2016 inaonyesha kuwa asilimia 34 ya watoto chini ya umri wa miaka mitano nchini wamedumaa. Kwa maeneo maeneo ya mjini ni asilimia 25 na vijijini ni asilimai 38.

Kutokana na viwango vikubwa vya utapiamlo na udumavu vinavyosababisha na lishe duni, vimeathiri ukuaji na uwezo wa watoto kijifunza shuleni, jambo ambalo lina matokeo hasi kwa nguvu kazi ya taifa.

Waziri wa Afya, Maendeleo ya Jamii, Jinsia, Wazee na Watoto, Ummy Mwalimu amesema  matumzi ya kadi alama ya lishe utasaidia kufuatilia ufanisi na uwajibikaji wa watoa huduma za lishe nchini ili kuhakikisha viashiria vyote vya utapimlo vinadhibitiwa  mapema na kuwawezesha watoto na watu wazima kuepukana na udumavu wa akili na mwili.

“Katika kufuatilia kiwango cha ufanisi katika utekelezaji wa afua za lishe nchini na kuhimiza uwajibikaji kwa watoa huduma, Wizara imeanza kutumia Kadi Alama ya Lishe (Nutrition Score Card). “ amesema Waziri Ummy.

Amesema Kadi hiyo itakuwa na viasharia 18 ambavyo vitatumika kupima utekelezaji wa lishe katika maeneo mbalimbali nchini. Viashiria hivyo vitatumika kama vigezo vya msingi ambavyo vinaonyesha mtoto aliyekidhi vigezo muhimu vya lishe ikiwemo kupata matone ya vitamin, madini, chakula bora na chanjo.

“Kadi Alama hii ina jumla ya viashiria 18 ambavyo vinatumika kufuatilia utekelezaji wa afua za lishe na matumizi ya kadi hii yamezingatia uzoefu uliopatikana katika matumizi ya kadi alama nyingine zilizopo nchini kama ile ya Malaria na ile ya Afya ya Uzazi, Mama na Mtoto. “, amesema Waziri Ummy.

Kwa upande wake, Mwenyekiti wa Kamati ya Bunge ya Huduma za Jamii, Peter Serukamba amesema  ili kampeni hiyo ifanikiwe, serikali inatakiwa kuongeza bajeti kwa taasisi  ya Chakula na Lishe (TFNC) kuwezesha kutimiza majukumu yake ikizingatiwa kuwa taasisi hiyo inafanya kazi na sekta zaidi ya moja.

Amesema viwango vya udumavu vinavyotokana na lishe duni kwa watoto nchini siyo vya kuridhisha na serikali ifanye juhudi za makusudi kutatua changamoto hiyo kwa watoto.

Kwa mujibu wa Ripoti ya Mapitio ya bajeti ya Lishe iliyotolewa na Shirika la Watoto duniani (UNICEF-2015/2016) nchini Tanzania inaeleza kuwa bajeti iliyotengwa kwenye shughuli za lishe ya taifa imeongezeka hali iliyochochea ongezeko la matumizi mara mbili zaidi ukilinganisha na mwaka wa fedha wa 2011/2012 na 2014/2015.

Ripoti hiyo inaeleza kuwa matumizi halisi katika sekta hiyo kwa mwaka 2011/2012 yalikuwa bilioni 10.5 na bajeti hiyo imekuwa ikiongezeka kila mwaka na hadi kufikia 2014/2015 ilikuwa bilioni 22.5. Licha ya ongezeko hilo bado bajeti hiyo haikidhi mahitaji yote ya lishe inayoelekezwa katika sekta mbalimbali ambazo zinahusika kuboresha afya za watoto.

Matumizi ya bajeti ya lishe yanaelekezwa katika maeneo matatu makuu ambayo ni kuhimiza ulaji wa chakula bora kwa watoto wachanga na watoto wadogo; kuzuia na kupambana na utapiamlo na kuboresha mazingira kuiwezesha serikali kutoa huduma bora za lishe nchini.

Shughuli zote hizo zinaratibiwa na sekta za afya na ustawi wa jamii, maendeleo ya jamii, jinsia na watoto; elimu; kilimo, usalama wa chakula; maji na usafi; mifugo na uvuvi; biashara na viwanda na taasisi za fedha.


Utapimlo na Udumavu

Kwa mujibu wa Shirika la Afya Duniani (WHO) linaeleza kuwa utapiamlo ni upungufu, ziada au kutokuwa na usawa katika kiwango cha chakula kinachompa mtu nguvu au virutubisho mwilini. Hali hii hutokea kwenye makundi mawili; kwanza kutokuwa na lishe ya kutosha ambako kunajumuisha kudumaa, kuwa  na uzito mdogo pamoja na kukosa virutubisho vya kutosha.

Pili ni kula vyakula vinavyoleta  unene uliopitiliza na magonjwa yanayotokana na mtindo wa maisha. Na hali hii huwapata zaidi watoto na watu wenye kipato kizuri waishio mjini.

Sababu kubwa ya watoto kupata utapiamlo ambao unasababisha udumavu wa akili na mwili ni kwamba familia nyingi hula vyakula vya wanga kwa wingi mfano ugali wa mahindi, unga wa mtama, muhogo, mchele na vyakula vya jamii ya maharage. Milo mingi hukosa mchanganyiko wa protini ya wanyama, mimea, mbogamboga na matunda.

Ripoti ya ya Shirika la Watoto Duniani  (UNICEF) inayoangalia  viwango vya ukosefu wa lishe kati ya mwaka 1992-2015 inaonyesha kuwa udumavu na utapiamlo sugu umepungua kutoka asilimia 50 hadi 34, huku utapiamlo uliokithiri ukipungua kutoka asilimia 7 hadi 5 na hali ya upungufu wa uzito ikipungua kutoka asilimia 24 hadi 14.

Waziri wa Afya, Ummy Mwalimu anaendelea kuwa kuwa, “Katika kupambana na utapiamlo nchini, Wizara yangu kwa kushirikiana na wadau wa Lishe imetoa matone ya nyongeza ya vitamin A kwa watoto wa kati ya miezi sita na miaka mitano sambamba na dawa za minyoo kwa watoto wa umri kati ya mwaka mmoja na miaka mitano.”

Amebainisha kuwa wizara yake itaendelea  kutoa huduma za matibabu ya utapiamlo mkali kwa watoto kupitia; kuongeza idadi ya Hospitali zinazotoa matibabu ya utapiamlo na kuboresha miundombinu ya hospitali kwenye wodi  17 za kulaza watoto.

“Wizara yangu pia imeendelea kuimarisha mfumo wa upatikanaji wa chakula dawa na vifaa vya kupimia hali ya Lishe pamoja na kujengea uwezo wa watoa huduma.” Amesema Waziri Ummy.

Naye, Waziri wa Fedha na Mipango, Dkt. Philip Mpango Amesema kuwa kwa mwaka wa fedha 2018/2019 Serikali itakua na miradi mingi ya kutekeleza, miongoni mwa miradi hiyo ni kupambana na tatizo la utapiamlo hivyo ni vema kama nchi ikaangalia namna bora ambayo Benki ya Dunia inaweza kusaidia katika utekelezaji wake.

“Kitaalamu mpaka mwanadamu anapofikisha siku 1000 ni kipindi muhimu sana kinachoamua maisha ya mwanadamu atakapokuwa mtu mzima atakuwa na uwezo gani wa kufikiri, kutokana na hali hiyo mtu ambaye atakua na utapiamlo uwezo wake utakua ni mdogo zaidi kulinganisha na mtoto aliyepata lishe bora’” alifafanua Dkt. Mpango.

Katika kutekeleza mradi huo Serikali itafanya kazi na Benki ya Dunia kwa kushirikiana na Wizara ya Afya pamoja na Taasisi ya Chakula na Lishe ili kuhakikisha kwamba Taifa linapunguza kwa kiasi kikubwa tatizo la utapiamlo.

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Bajeti ya afya 2018/2019 bado tegemezi, yafyekwa kwa asilimia 20



Imeelezwa kuwa kuna uwezekano mkubwa kwa watanzania kukosa huduma bora za afya kwa mwaka wa fedha 2018/2019 kutokana na kupunguzwa kwa bajeti ya  Wizara ya Afya, Maendeleo ya Jamii, Jinsia, Wazee na Watoto kwa asilimia 20.

Hayo yamebainika leo bungeni mjini Dodoma wakati waziri wa Afya, Ummy Mwalimu akiwasilisha makadirio ya bajeti ya wizara yake kwa mwaka wa fedha wa 2018/2019 ambapo amesema wameomba Serikali iwapatie billion 893.4 kwa ajili ya utekelezaji wa majukumu ya wizara hiyo.

“Mhe. Mwenyekiti jumla ya fedha kuu ambayo ninaomba Bunge lako tukufu lipitishe katika mafungu yote mawili kwa mwaka 2018/2019 sh. Bilioni 893.4,” amesema Waziri Ummy.

Kiasi hicho cha fedha kilichoombwa kimepungua kutoka trilioni 1.1 za mwaka wa fedha wa 2017/2018 ambapo zimepungua bilioni 171.6  na kufikia bilioni 893.4 mwaka 2018/2019 sawa na asilimia 20.

Waziri Ummy amesema kati ya fedha hizo ambazo wizara yake inaomba, fedha zitakazoelekezwa kwenye matumizi ya miradi ya maendeleo zitakuwa Tsh. bilioni 561.75 sawa na asilimia zaidi 60 ya fedha zote, ambapo matumizi ya kawaida yatagharimu bilioni 304. 47.

“Kwa upande wa matumizi ya kawaida kwa mwaka 2018/2019 wizara ikadiria kutumia kiasi cha sh. Bilioni 304,473,476 (bilioni 304.47) kwa ajili ya matumizi ya kawaida. Kati ya fedha hizo sh. Bilioni 88,465,756 (bilioni 88.46) zitatumika kwajili ya matumizi mengineyo na sh. Bilioni 216,720,000 (bilioni 216.72) zitatumika kwajili ya mishahara ya watumishi,” amesema waziri Ummy na kuongeza kuwa,

“Kwa upande wa miradi ya maendeleo wizara inakadiria kutumia sh. bilioni 4.91 kwa ajili ya miradi ya maendeleo. Kati ya fedha hizo, sh. Bilioni 1.5 ni fedha za ndani na sh. Bilioni 3.41 ni fedha za nje.” amesema waziri Ummy.

Kwa muktadha huo, bajeti ya afya itategemea fedha za wahisani kwa asilimia 60 kugharimia miradi ya maendeleo ikiwemo ujenzi wa vituo vya afya, zahanati, ukarabati wa majengo na ununuzi wa vifaa tiba na dawa. Hata fedha bilioni 4.91  iliyoelekezwa kwenye miradi ya maendeleo bado ni ndogo.

Changamoto iliyopo ni kwamba fedha za wahisani wakati mwingine huchelewa kufika au zinaweza zisiingie kabisa nchini kutoka na masharti ambayo yanaweza kuathiri utolewaji wa huduma za afya.

Kwa upande wake, Mwenyekiti wa Kamati ya Kudumu ya Bunge ya Huduma za Jamii, Peter Serukamba amesema  serikali haina nia ya dhati ya kuinua sekta ya afya kwasababu bajeti inayotengwa kila mwaka ni ndogo na haikidhi mahitaji ya wizara ya afya.

“Uchambuzi wa kamati umebaini fedha zilizotengwa kwaajili ya utekelezaji wa shughuli wizara kwa mwaka wa fedha 2017/18, ni kiasi kidogo ambacho hakiridhishi na kinyume na matarajio ya Mpango wa Bajeti ambao Bunge na Serikali tulikubaliana,” alisema Serukamba.

Licha ya bajeti ya afya kupungua kwa mwaka wa fedha wa 2018/2019 kwa asilimia 20, fedha za bajeti iliyopita ya 2017/2018 hazikufika zote kwenye wizara hiyo jambo lilikwamishwa utekelezaji wa miradi mbalimbali ya maendeleo ya sekta hiyo.

Serukamba amesema, mpaka kufikia Februari mwaka huu, Serikali ilikuwa imetoa Sh. bilioni 576.52 pekee kati ya Sh. trilioni 1.1 zilizokuwa zimetengwa kwaajili ya Bajeti ya Wizara ya Afya kwa mwaka wa fedha 2017/18,.

Kutokana na bajeti ndogo ya wizara ya afya, wabunge wameshauriwa kuijadili na kuangalia uwezekano wa kuishawishi Serikali kuongeza fedha kwa wizara hiyo ikizingatiwa ni sekta muhimu kwa ustawi wa wananchi ili kuwahakikishia wananchi afya bora.

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Kwanini hakuna Saratani au kansa ya Moyo?



Kugundua kwamba una saratani au ndugu yako ana saratani huwa ni kipindi kigumu sana maishani. Saratani imekuwa janga kubwa sana duniani na hujitokeza katika namna tofauti.

Saratani husababisha vifo vya watu zaidi ya milioni 8 kila mwaka. Na maradhi mapya milioni 15 hugundulika kila mwaka. Tafiti nyingi zimejitahidi kuboresha tiba pamoja na kutoa elimu kuhusu ugonjwa huu, lakini bado vita dhidi ya saratani ni ya kudumu na inayogharimu muda.

Saratani au kansa maarufu sana duniani ni; kansa ya matiti, mapafu, tezi dume, kansa ya kongosho, kansa ya koo lakini katika zote hizo kuna kiungo kimoja cha binadamu ambacho hakipo kwenye orodha nacho ni “Moyo”.

Je, umewahi kukutana na mtu mwenye saratani ya moyo? Ni kweli kwamba bado hujakutana naye. Je, hakuna saratani ya moyo?

Ukweli ni kwamba saratani ya moyo ipo, lakini matokeo yake ni machache sana na sababu za kuwa hivyo zaweza kukushangaza.

Ukweli kuhusu saratani au kansa
Watu wengi wanaposikia neno kansa hushtuka na kutamani hali hiyo isiwapate wao. Lakini ni vizuri sana kufahamu kuhusu ugonjwa wenyewe, na kujua kwa undani kuhusu mfumo wake kwenye mwili wa mwanadamu.

Kimfumo mwili una uthibiti wa kinga zake katika kuziweka sawa, kuondoa zilizochoka na kuzalisha mpya zenye afya. Lakini katika baadhi ya mazingira jambo hili huwa halifanyiki na seli huzidi kuzalishwa na kuongezeka na matokeo yake hutengeneza seli nyingi zisizoweza kufanya kazi.

Seli hizi zisipodhibitiwa, zinavuruga utendaji kazi wa seli zingine, kuchochea uzalishaji zaidi na baadaye kudhuru mfumo mzima wa ogani za mwili.

Saratani inaweza kusababishwa na kazi asilia za mwili, ni matokeo hatari yanayosababishwa na seli za mwili ambazo huchochea ongezeko la seli mwilini, na baadaye kuzifanya kuwa hatari au zifanye kazi tofauti na ile zinazotakiwa kufanya.

Seli hizo nyingi zilizozalishwa zinaposhindwa kudhibitiwa, husababisha kutokea kwa mkusanyiko mkubwa wa seli ambao hujulikana kama uvimbe (lakini hii haitokei kwenye saratani zote, mfano kansa ya damu).

Kuna aina 5 za saratani na zimegawanywa kutokana na sehemu ya mwili kansa inapotokea;
1. Kansa za mifupa
2. Kansa ya seli
3. kansa ya ngozi
4. Kansa ya damu
5. Kansa za mfumo wa fahamu

Japokuwa kansa imezoeleka kutokea kwenye baadhi ya viungo vya mwili kwa kiwango kikubwa lakini ukweli ni kwamba kansa inaweza kujitokeza sehemu yoyote ya mwili; utofauti ni kwamba ni rahisi kwa kansa kujitokeza zaidi kwenye baadhi ya sehemu za mwili.

Pamoja na kuwa kansa husambaa kutokana na mkusanyiko wa seli nyingi ulioshindwa kudhibitiwa na mwili, lakini ogani ya mwili yenye mfumo wa kuzalisha na kuondoa seli ina nafasi kubwa sana ya kupata kansa tofauti na ogani isiyo na mfumo huo au yenye kiwango kidogo cha kuzalisha seli. Kwa dhana hiyo sasa tuufikirie moyo…


Ogani yenye kazi kubwa 
Linapokuja suala ya ogani zinazofanya kazi nyingi mwilini sio rahisi kuusahau moyo, ambao huanza kufanya kazi kabla hata hatujazaliwa na huendelea kufanya hivyo mpaka pale tunapokufa. Huwa hakuna mapumziko kwenye mioyo yetu, maana hutakiwa kudunda muda wote. Kutoa na kusukuma damu kwenye mishipa na mirija yote mwilini kuhakikisha kila kiungo kinafanya kazi vizuri.

Kwa utendaji huo usio na mapumziko mwaka mzima, moyo huwa hauna muda wa kuondoa seli za zamani kwa kuzalisha seli mpya. Hakuna muda wa kazi hiyo, hivyo seli za moyo mara nyingi huwa hazibadiliki labda pale panapokuwa na tatizo kwenye seli hizo ambazo zinahitaji marekebisho.

Kama tulivyosema mwanzo kansa hutokea na kusambaa kupitia mkusanyiko wa seli za mwili; hivyo kwa ogani ambazo hazizalishi seli mara kwa mara ni ngumu kwa kansa kupata nafasi ya kutokea.

Kwa sehemu zingine za mwili kama ngozi, matiti, tumbo na utumbo zenyewe mara nyingi huondoa seli za zamani kwa kuzalisha seli mpya. Umeng’enyaji wa chakula huwa ni mchakato mgumu wenye tindikali nyingi (acid). Pia fikiria ni mara ngapi umeondoa ngozi kavu kwenye viganja au mikono yako?. Hata seli za matiti husinyaa na kutanuka kutokana na utendaji kazi wa homoni mwilini.

Aina hizi za saratani (ngozi, matiti, utumbo n.k) ni maarufu kwasababu seli za maeneo hayo huzalishwa na kuondolewa mara kwa mara. Pia maeneo haya hukutana na vihatarishi vingi ikiwemo mionzi ambayo hukutana na ngozi. Pia visababishi vingine vya kansa ambavyo huwa tunaviingiza mwilini au kuvivuta kupitia mfumo wa upumuaji (mapafu).

Ni mara chache sana moyo kukumbana na mazingira kama haya na hii husababisha utokeaji wa kansa uwe mgumu kwenye kiungo hicho. Hivyo ni ngumu sana kwa moyo kupata kansa. Hata hivyo kwanini inatokea?


Utokeaji wa kansa
Kwa makadirio tafiti zinaonesha watu 34 kati ya 1,000,000 wana mfumo wa kansa ya moyo, ambayo imegawanywa katika makundi mawili: uvimbe mdogo na mkubwa wa moyo.

Uvimbe wa ‘Malignant’ ambao hujulikana kama uvimbe mdogo, ni kansa ambayo hujitokeza kwenye mishipa milaini ndani ya mwili wa mwanadamu. Matukio ya aina hii ya kansa ni machache sana, lakini kiwango cha uongezekaji wake ni kikubwa sana. Viuvimbe laini kutokea kwenye moyo huwa ni jambo la kawaida, na mara nyingi haviwezi kusababisha kifo kwa mtu mwenye navyo.

Njia kubwa ya kutokeza kwa kansa kwenye moyo ni kupitia uvimbe mkubwa kwenye kiungo hicho. Hii hutokea zaidi pale kansa inaposambaa kwenda kwenye moyo kutokea sehemu nyingine ya mwili.

Kansa inapokuwa, husambaa kwenda kwenye sehemu zingine za mwili kutokea kwenye sehemu ya msingi au chanzo ilipoanzia. Kwenye baadhi ya matukio ya kansa ya mapafu inaweza kusambaa kwenda kwenye moyo, hii ni kutokana na ukaribu wa viungo.Lakini pia kansa inaweza kusambazwa kwenda kwenye moyo kupitia mfumo wa damu.

Kansa ya figo, mapafu na matiti, pamoja na kansa ya damu, kansa ya ngozi na tezi (goita) mara nyingi husambaa na kuathiri moyo, kutokana na ukaribu wa viungo hivyo.

Japokuwa kansa ya moyo haipo kwa kiwango kikubwa lakini kiwango cha kupona ni asilimia 50 baada ya mwaka mmoja, sio jambo la kupuuzwa. Pale watu wanaposema kwamba hakuna kansa ya moyo kwasababu tu hawajawahi kukutana na mgonjwa wa kansa hiyo ni vizuri ukampatia maarifa haya mapya.

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