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NGORONGORO: The Eden of our time

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Many residents and tourists from outside Tanzania who get the chance to visit Ngorongoro Conservation area and particularly the Crater, believe the place is like Eden, the garden mentioned in the Holy Books – the Bible and the Koran where people at that time co-existed with vicious and non-vicious animals, insects and various bird species. Our Staff Writer SIMON MKINA visited there recently and gives an account of life in this enticing area.

Many tourists visiting attractive places believe Tanzania is a country of milk and honey like Canaan as mentioned in the Holy Books. They narrate that it is a country endowed with special favors and has every reason to be prosperous due to richness of her natural resources and attractions.

“Why? I see your country has vast wealth while many of her people live in difficulty; in poverty and worry…I don’t know why poverty continues to besiege the lives of Tanzanians,” asks Lauren, an American tourist in the company of the writer of this article after being perplexed in his first day of entering Serengeti National Park on their way to Ngorongoro.

All the time she sees a wild animal or animals she becomes excited and astonished exclaiming  ‘wow’ all the time  since the morning of the first day of the three-day safari.

 “Is it corruption, lack of the sense of duty or is it the laziness of the people themselves or are you short of proper plans?” asks the 26- year- old- lady from the State of Oregon.

She explains that if America had been endowed with an attractive environment such as this one in Tanzania’s, America, presently the wealthiest country in the world, would have comparatively developed more by now.

The guest, seemingly upset at times, posed at seeing an animal with a small body but looking healthy with two protruding teeth structure; and she exclaimed wow…that is the wild boar.

In no time various kinds of animals came into view and the exclamations increased –wow– forgetting what she had been saying about Tanzanian lives and their poverty in spite of many rich attractions.

Lauren and other accompanying tourists while still inside the Serengeti National Park came across giraffes, elephants, monkeys, light-colored monkeys, buffaloes, Grant gazelles, hartebeest and many more. The hartebeest are many accompanied by zebras.

                      The Empakaai Crater (at Ngorongoro) is a collapsed volcanic caldera which is 300 meters high and has a width of 6 km.
                       The Crater is filled with a deep alkaline lake which occupies about 75% of the Crater's floor and is about 85 meters deep.

The guide from Africa Safari Company of Mwanza, Robert astonished tourists accompanying Lauren by amazingly explained the lifestyle of every kind of animal in view.  He explained why the hartebeest are in such abundance than any other animal species in the Serengeti, saying that this was because they are in search of better fodder. He said the animals roam between the Serengeti and Maasai Mara in Kenya, an exercise done once a year in January, to be repeated the following January.

Robert further explained that the hartebeest are in company of zebras for one big reason which is of assistance to them. Robert, an ex-veterinary doctor by profession, said the hartebeest follow zebras because they believe that the latter are swift in detecting enemies, so having them near helps them to avoid danger.

He also says on the part of zebras, despite their swiftness in detecting enemies, they are stupid in detecting where good fodder is, so they follow the hartebeest because they are experts in that sphere of finding where good fodder is throughout the year.

Robert’s explanation concerning the life styles of almost every animal is amazing. On Grant gazelles, he said a male animal can service about 100 females or more and that male defends them all against other males.

“When you see a big herd of Grant gazelles you should know that all of them are females with a single male whom you can recognize by looking at the horns because males have long horns which are wide where they join the head. No other male can go near there and if that happens there will be a fight until one of the contestants runs away or dies as a result of the fight and the winner will own that big herd of females,” he explained.

On zebras, he said in spite of looking very similar, the truth is that those animals with white and ashy stripes and those with black and dark-red ones are not similar whatsoever; if you go near them you will realize that the stripes are different from one zebra to another.

Explaining the lifestyle of elephants, Robert said the cow elephant controls the male elephant such that it can’t engage in a fight unless permitted by the cow. He also asserted that the male lion is dependent of the lioness in everything. A lioness hunts for food but can’t eat until the male appears to “bless” the food. “When a lioness kills game, she will wait until the male returns notwithstanding how hungry she may be and how far away the male is-although most of the time the male is around when she hunts,” Robert added.

 

 WHERE EDEN IS IN THE WORLD NOW

After a 26-hour journey around the great Serengeti National Park, Lauren and fellow tourists including five others and a 16-month old baby, Abel II, entered the Ngorongoro Conservation area where animals are like those found in the Serengeti–although not in such big numbers.

It was a cool serene morning with a very cold breeze blowing swiftly from one side when three Maasai youth were seen driving cattle towards inside the crater.

Lauren was amazed to see those youth, cattle, goats and sheep at a place where ferocious animals like lions and others live. Robert told her and the entire group in the car not to fear for animals in these areas because they are friendly to human beings and their herds. He notified her that later in the safari she would see wild animals and domesticated ones eating grass together. The tourists were confounded by this explanation, each one asking oneself how can it be that wild animals like lions live with human beings?

Before the answer to the question is given, the vehicle started to drive down a steep road in low gear and Robert was explaining that they were now entering the Ngorongoro crater. Because the road was very steep, the vehicle was leaning forward and seeing the driver in so serious a concentration on the road, nobody uttered a word. Possibly everyone was saying a prayer asking God to help the driver in his difficult task of guiding the vehicle descending the escarpment.

Soon the vehicle reached the low straight plain ushering the beginning of a tour in the Crater itself. The first animal to be seen was a hyena lying down nursing her cubs. Neither the hyena nor the cubs showed any concern even when the vehicle pulled near the place she was lying down. Perhaps that animal was wondering at seeing human beings staring at her.

More animals could now be seen in the crater feeding as others basked in the sun for it was starting to rise. Lions were lying down in a group not far from a herd of four African buffaloes basking in the sun. Further away Grant antelopes, zebras and hartebeests could be seen mixed with cattle while goats were walking here and there in the crater. Two elephants, a male and a cow were eating shrubs very near wild boar and African hartebeest also eating grass.

In the same area near the elephants were standing seven Maasai youth without worrying about their own safety or of the animals they were herding. One of the youths who introduced himself by the name of Olosolot said he did not fear the animals in the crater because they were friends. He explained that in spite of his love for meat he can’t kill an animal in the crater because they are friends.

He added confidently: “Even these animals are aware that we are friends and not one can do harm to another. When we want to eat meat and drink blood we eat one of our own cattle and not the animals in the crater.”

In the crater water could be seen and Robert explained that it is a small lake called Makat which has water containing a lot of salt. The little lake seemed surrounded by soda ash which was evident. He explained that although the lake is not deep, it does not dry the whole year thus animals and birds love to be near it most of them eating grass said to contain more salt.

Flamingoes could be seen in the water of the lake with their long legs, proving that it is not deep. The multitude of these birds makes the whole lake look white and pink from afar but when you get nearer you realize that the colors are of birds. The birds eat small insects obtained in the salty water and vegetation growing in and around the shore.

 

Flamingoes could be seen in the water of the lake with their long legs, proving that it is not deep. Ngorongoro Conservation Area, Tanzania.

 

Another group of Maasai youth are seen in the crater with spears in their hands without worrying; the youth explain that their duty is to teach younger boys how to graze their animals and live peacefully with their siblings. What are the spears for? They say the spears are for keeping the peace within the crater; for if it happens an animal wants another animal’s meat, it is their duty to volunteer to protect that animal.

It is said that animals like lions that dwells in the crater get their food outside that unique place. “When a lion is hungry, he leaves the crater and climbs outside the crater to find food but not hunt inside here,” one youth explains.

He explains that the secret behind that life among wild ferocious and peaceful animals; is possible because the animals are able to detect the smell of the “citizens” of the crater and they feel and consider them their kind.

What if a new person from outside comes into the crater? The youth answers that the possibility of being attacked is great–which explains why officials of the game reserves dissuade tourists or guests from getting out of their vehicles or going near the animals.

Apart from animals, birds and humans in the crater, there are varieties of exotic flowers in yellow, red, green and white colors which makes the crater to be likened to the paradise that is mentioned in the holy books.

The crater, with an area of 264 sq. kilometers at any one given time has 25,000 animals everyday, most of them being hartebeests, African antelopes, zebra, lions, hyenas, wild boars and a small number of rhinoceros, monkeys and small light colored monkeys. There are many other animals grazing inside the crater said to be 630 meters below sea level.

This is the communal life being practiced between wild animals, tamed animals and human beings–all eating and drinking water in the Ngorongoro Crater. It is a good and appealing life as described in the Holy Books as life in Eden or Paradise.

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Biashara/Uchumi

Wakulima wa mahindi kuunganishwa kwenye mnyororo wa thamani

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Imeelezwa kuwa kukosekana kwa  teknolojia ya kisasa na masoko ya mazao  ni miongoni mwa changamoto zinazokwamisha  ukuaji wa sekta  ya kilimo nchini. Changamoto hizo zinachochewa na  uwekezaji mdogo wa rasilimali watu na fedha  kwenye huduma muhimu za kilimo.

Kwa kuwa kilimo ni uti wa mgongo wa uchumi wa Tanzania, serikali inawajibika kuwawezesha wakulima nchini kupata pembejeo na teknolojia ya kisasa kuhakikisha wanazalisha mazao yenye ubora yanaweza kushindana kwenye soko la kimataifa.

Kwa kutambua hilo serikali ilianzisha benki ya Maendeleo ya Kilimo Tanzania (TADB) ili kuhakikisha wakulima wanapata fedha kutoka taasisi hiyo kuendesha shughuli zao. Lakini tangu kuanzishwa kwake, benki hiyo haijawafikia wakulima wengi, jambo linalowakosesha fursa ya kupata mikopo na ushauri wa kiteknolojia.

Naibu Waziri wa Fedha na Mipango, Dkt. Ashatu Kijaji amesema  serikali imeitaka benki hiyo kuongeza matawi  ili kuwafikia wakulima wengi ambao wanahitaji mikopo kuongeza tija kwenye kilimo.

Amesema tayari benki hiyo imefika mkoa wa Dodoma na hadi kufikia Juni 30, 2018 itakuwa imefunguliwa ili kuwahudumia wakulima wa kanda ya kati  inajumuisha mikoa ya Dodoma, Singida.

“Baada ya ufunguzi wa ofisi ya Kanda ya Kati kukamilika Benki Itafanya uchambuzi wa fursa zilizopo Kikanda na hivyo kuchukua hatua na taratibu za kufungua ofisi nyingine kulingana na upatikanaji wa rasilimali fedha”, alisema Dkt. Kijaji.

Ameongeza kuwa TADB inatekeleza mpango wa miaka mitano (2017- 2021), wa kusogeza huduma karibu na wateja kwa kuanzisha ofisi za Kikanda katika Kanda ya Kaskazini, Kusini, Kati, Ziwa, Nyanda za Juu Kusini na Zanzibar kwa awamu mbalimbali.

Dkt. Ashatu amesema mikopo itakayotolewa kwa wakulima itatumia mfumo wa makundi; kundi la kwanza litahusisha wakulima wadogo wadogo kwa riba ya asilimia 8- 12, kundi la pili la miradi mikubwa ya kilimo kwa asilimia 12 – 16 kwa mwaka. Kundi la mwisho ni mikopo ya ushirika ambapo riba yake inaendana na hali ya soko la matumizi ya mkopo.

Amebainisha kuwa serikali inafanya majadiliano na wadau wa kilimo ili kupunguza kiwango cha riba ili kuwavutia wakulima wengi kukopa na kufaidika na kuwa sehemu ya ukuaji wa uchumi wa viwanda nchini.

Kwa upande wake, Mkurugenzi Mwendeshaji wa TADB, Thomas Samkyi alisema kukosekana kwa masoko ya mazao ya kilimo ni changamoto nyingine inayorudisha nyuma maendeleo ya sekta ya kilimo nchini.

Katika kutekeleza majukumu ya Benki hiyo, serikali imeanza kutoa huduma kwa kulenga minyororo michache ya ongezeko la thamani katika kilimo cha mahindi kwa kutoa mikopo ya ununuzi wa pembejeo, vifaa na vifungashio vya kisasa vya kuhifadhia mahindi na teknolojia ya uhifadhi wa mahindi ili kukidhi mahitaji ya soko la kimataifa.

“Kwa sasa tumejikita katika mnyororo mzima wa uongezaji wa thamani kuanzia uandaaji wa shambani hadi kwa upatikanaji wa masoko, ikiwemo mahitaji ya uzalishaji wenye tija kwenye sekta nzima ya kilimo kuanzia hatua za awali za utayarishaji wa mashamba.

“Kupima ubora wa udongo na virutubisho vinavyohitajika kwenye uzalishaji wa mahindi, upatikanaji wa pembejeo za kilimo zikiwemo mbegu bora, mbolea, madawa na vifaa na teknolojia mbali mbali za umwagiliaji na fedha kwa ajili ya kulipia gharama mbalimbali za uzalishaji wa mahindi,” alisema.

Samky alisema usaidizi na mikopo itakayotolewa itakuwa kwa ajili ya ujenzi na uboreshaji wa miundombinu ya kilimo katika kuimarisha minyororo ya thamani katika kilimo

“Inajumuisha ujenzi wa miundombinu ya umwagiliaji na mitambo ya umwagiliaji, uchimbaji wa visima vya maji ya umwagiliaji, ujenzi wa mabawa ya uvunaji maji ya mvua, ujenzi wa maghala bora ya kuhifadhia mahindi na ujenzi wa miundombinu ya masoko,” alisema.

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Biashara/Uchumi

RIPOTI YA CAG: Rais Magufuli asisitiza trilioni 1.5 hazijapotea, aitupia lawama mitandao ya kijamii

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Rais John Magufuli amesema ripoti ya Mdhibiti na Mkaguzi Mkuu wa Serikali (CAG) aliyokabidhiwa haionyeshi upotevu wa trilioni 1.5 na kwamba ni upotoshaji unaofanywa na baadhi ya watu kwenye mitandao ya kijamii una lengo la kuigombanisha Serikali na wananchi.

Kauli ya Rais imekuja ikiwa zimepita siku chache tangu Katibu wa Itikadi na Uenezi wa Chama Cha Mapinduzi kutoa kauli inayofanana na ya Rais kuwa hakuna fedha iliyopotea na kilichopo ni kutokueleweka kwa ripoti ya CAG.

Akizungumza leo muda mfupi baada ya kuwaapisha Majaji wa Mahakama, Ikulu jijini Dar es Salaam, Rais Magufuli amesema aliwasiliana na CAG, Prof. Mussa Assad na kwamba alikiri kuwa hakuna upotevu wa trilioni 1.5 zinazosemekana hazijulikani zilipo.

“Nilikuwa ninasoma baadhi ya mambo mengine wanasema Serikali imeiba trilioni 1.5. Siku moja nikampigia Controller and General Auditor General (Mdhibiti na Mkaguzi Mkuu wa Serikali) mbona kwenye ripoti yako uliyonisomea hapa Ikulu hukunieleza huu wizi wa trilioni 1.5.” amesema Rais Magufuli.

Amesema kama kweli upotevu wa fedha huo ungekuwa umetokea angechukua hatua mapema za kuwafukuza kazi watendaji waliohusika na ufisadi huo lakini kinachoonekana ni upotoshaji unaofanywa kwenye mitandao ya kijamii na kuwaaminisha wananchi kuwa fedha zimeibwa na Serikali.

“Kwasababu ungenisomea hapo siku hiyohiyo ningefukuza watu, kama nimefukuza wakurugenzi watatu siku hiyohiyo kwasababu ya hati chafu, hawa trilioni 1.5 uliwaficha wapi? Nimejaribu kusoma kwenye ripoti yako (ripoti ya Ukaguzi ya CAG) sioni mahali palipoandikwa zimepotea trilioni 1.5. Prof. Assad aliniambia hakuna kitu kama hicho, nikamuuliza Katibu Mkuu akasema hakuna kitu kama hicho.” Ameeleza Rais Magufuli.

Hata hivyo, Rais Magufuli hakufafanua trilioni 1.5 zimetumikaje kama kweli hazijapotea, zaidi ya kuwalaumu watumiaji wa mitandao ya kijamii kutumia uhuru wa kutoa maoni kujadili ripoti ya CAG ambayo inaonesha trilioni 1.5 hazijulikani zimetumikaje.

“Kuna ugonjwa tumeupata Tanzania wa kufikiri kila kinachoandikwa kwenye mitandao ni cha ukweli. Sasa sifahamu huu ugonjwa umetoka wapi? Lakini ni kwasababu hii mitandao hatuicontrol (hatuisimamii) sisi, wako huko wenye mitandao yao, wao interest (maslahi) yao ni kutengeneza biashara hawajali madhara mtakayoyapata.” Amesema Rais.

Kauli ya Rais imeungwa mkono na Naibu Waziri wa Fedha na Mipango, Dkt. Ashatu Kijaji akiwa bungeni Dodoma wakati akitoa tamko la Serikali juu kutoonekana kwa matumizi ya trilioni 1.5 kwenye matumizi ya Serikali kwa mwaka wa fedha wa 2016/2017.

“Kutokana na matumizi ya mfumo huu wa viwango vya Kimataifa vya Uhasibu katika sekta ya umma, napenda kuliarifu Bunge lako Tukufu na Watanzania kwa ujumla kwamba hakuna fedha taslimu ya shilingi trilioni 1.51 iliyopotea au kutumika kwenye matumizi ambayo hayakuidhinishwa na Bunge. Hivyo basi, madai ya baadhi ya watu wasiolitakia mema Taifa letu na Serikali yetu ya Awamu ya Tano hayana msingi wowote wenye mantiki.” Amesema Naibu Waziri.

Amesema wakati CAG akifanya ukaguzi wa mahesabu, Serikali ilikuwa inatekeleza mpango mpya wa kimataifa wa mahesabu katika sekta ya umma (International Public-Sector Accounting Standard IPSAS Accural) na kwamba ndio ulioleta mkanganyiko wa mahesabu.

“Napenda kulitaarifu Bunge lako Tukufu kwamba, kuanzia mwaka 2016/17, Mamlaka ya Mapato Tanzania ilianza rasmi kuyatambua mapato kwa mfumo wa Accrual. Hivyo basi, kati ya mapato haya ya shilingi trilioni 25.3, yalikuwemo pia mapato tarajiwa (receivables) kama mapato ya kodi yenye jumla ya shilingi bilioni 687.3 pamoja na mapato ya kodi yaliyokusanywa kwa niaba ya Serikali ya Mapinduzi ya Zanzibar ya jumla ya shilingi bilioni 203.92 (transfer to Zanzibar).” Amesema Naibu Waziri na kuongeza kuwa,

“Katika uandishi wa taarifa ya ukaguzi, CAG alitumia taarifa za hesabu na nyaraka mbalimbali ikiwa ni pamoja na Taarifa za Utekelezaji wa Bajeti (Budget Execution Report) ambapo hadi kufikia tarehe 30 Juni 2017, mapato yalikuwa jumla ya shilingi trilioni 25.3 na matumizi yalikuwa shilingi trilioni 23.79.”

Naibu Waziri amefafanua kuwa Matumizi ya trilioni 23.79 hayakujumuisha bilioni 697.85 zilizotumika kulipa dhamana na hati fungani za Serikali zilizoiva. Pia Matumizi hayo yalikuwa hayajafanyiwa uhamisho (re-allocation) wakati ukaguzi unakamilika.

Ameongeza kuwa, baada ya kufanya uhamisho jumla ya matumizi yote kwa kutumia Ridhaa za Matumizi (Exchequer issues) yalikuwa shilingi trilioni 24.4. Amedai kuwa trilioni 1.51 zilizodaiwa kutoonekana kwenye matumizi ya Serikali zilitokana na mchanganuo ufuatao;

Katika ripoti ya CAG aliyoitoa hivi karibuni katika ukurasa wa 34 imeelezea kwa undani kuhusu kutoonekana kwa matumizi ya fedha hizo, ambapo aliwataka wabunge kuihoji Serikali ziliko trilioni 1.5 kwasababu katika ukaguzi wake hakubaini zimetumikaje ingawa hakusema zimepotea.

Tangu kutolewa kwa ripoti ya CAG ya ukaguzi wa hesabu za Serikali na mashirika mbalimbali nchini kwa mwaka wa fedha unaoishia June 2017. Mijadala mbalimbali imeendelea kwenye mitandao ya kijamii kuhusu mambo mbalimbali yaliyoibuliwa na CAG ikiwemo kutojulikana kwa matumizi ya trilioni 1.5.

Baadhi ya vyama vikiwemo vya CCM, ACT-Wazalendo na CHADEMA vilitoa maoni yao kuhusu ripoti hiyo.

Mbunge wa Kigoma Mjini, Zitto Kabwe amekuwa alijitokeza kwenye mitandao ya kijamii akisisitiza kuwa ukaguzi wa CAG ulihusisha fedha zilizokusanywa na sio za hati fungani ambazo Serikali imezitolea maelezo.

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Biashara/Uchumi

Ripoti ya CAG kaa la moto. CCM yaibuka kuitetea serikali upotevu trilioni 1.5

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Kufuatia ripoti ya Mdhibiti na Mkaguzi Mkuu wa Hesabu za Serikali (CAG) kuibua upotevu mkubwa mapato Serikalini wa trilioni 1.5, Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM) kimejitokeza kutoa ufafanuzi na kudai fedha hizo hazijapotea bali ni mkanganyiko wa mahesabu ambao haujaeleweka kwa wananchi.

Hatua hiyo ya CCM inakuja siku chache baada ya Kiongozi Mkuu wa Chama cha ACT Wazalendo, Zitto Kabwe kuitaka Serikali itoe maelezo ya kinakuhusu fedha hizo na kuzitaka Kamati za kudumu za Bunge za Hesabu za Serikali (PAC) na ile ya Bajeti kuchunguza upotevu huo ili waliohusika wachukuliwe hatua za kisheria.

Kauli hiyo ya Zitto aliyoitoa mwishoni mwa juma, imeibua mjadala mpana kwenye mitandao ya kijamii ambapo wananchi wanaitaka Serikali itoe ufafanuzi wa fedha hizo zimetumikaje na nani alihusika kuidhinisha malipo hayo ambayo hayapo kwenye bajeti iliyopitishwa na Bunge.

Mapema leo CCM kupitia Katibu wake wa Itikadi na Uenezi, Humphrey Polepole, amejitokeza mbele ya wanahabari kujibu tuhuma hizo na kudai kuwa chama chake kinakubaliana na ripoti ya CAG na mapendekezo aliyoyatoa wanayafanyia kazi ili kuongeza uwajibikaji Serikalini.

“Hivi karibuni kumekuwa na mjadala mkubwa ambao umejitokeza baada ya ripoti ya Mdhibiti na Mkaguzi Mkuu wa Hesabu kuwekwa hadharani. Ni utaratibu mzuri ambao Chama Cha Mapinduzi kimejiwekea na kimeielekeza Serikali katika dhamira njema ni kuhakikisha ukweli na uwazi na shughuli za Serikali unaendelea kuwa bayana wakati wote”, amesema Polepole.

Licha ya Polepole kuikubali ripoti ya CAG aliwatupia lawama wanasiasa akiwemo Mbunge wa Kigoma Mjini, Zitto Kabwe kwamba anaupotosha umma kwa kutoa taarifa za uongo juu ya kile kinachodaiwa ni kutojulikana kwa zilipo trilioni 1.5 ambazo ripoti ya CAG ilihoji.

“Sisi kama chama hatuna tatizo na mtu anayetoa taarifa mbalimbali hadharani; ni uhuru kutoa maoni hadharani lakini sisi tuna tatizo la mtu mwongo anayetoa taarifa za uongo za kuupotosha umma”, amesema Polepole.

                                              Katibu wa Itikadi na Uenezi wa CCM, Humphrey Polepole

Akizungumzia suala la trilioni 1.5, amesema kinachotokea ni kutokueleweka kwa kwa taarifa ya CAG kwasababu vitabu na hesabu za Serikali ziko vizuri na hakuna upotevu wa pesa yoyote na kinachofanyika ni wanasiasa kujenga taharuki kwa wananchi.

“Sasa nianze na trilioni 1.5 maana yake nini, tuoneshane hapa kuwa huyu mtu ni mwongo, mwongo mkubwa. Hesabu zote zimeeleza vizuri kabisa, vitabu vya Serikali vimeeleza vizuri kabisa. Mjue kwamba mtu huyu ni mwongo anatoa taharuki”, amesema Polepole na kuongeza kuwa,

“Ndio maana Mkaguzi na Mdhibiti wa fedha za Serikali amesema hili jambo ni hesabu na kwenye ukaguzi wa hesabu baada ya kuwa ukaguzi umepita yako mambo mnarekebisha ili mambo yakae sawasawa. Imepotea wapi? Hakuna senti tano iliyopotea”.

Amesema kulingana na mfumo mpya wa ukaguzi wa kimataifa unaitaka Serikali inapokuwa inahesabu fedha zake za mapato kuhusisha na fedha ambayo tayari imetolewa kwenye huduma mbalimbali kwa wananchi.

Ameeleza kuwa mfumo wa zamani ilikuwa ni lazima Serikali ihesabu fedha zake ambazo imekusanya tayari na sio zile ambazo ziko kwenye huduma na hazijaingizwa kwenye mapato.

“Matumizi ya Serikali katika mtindo mpya ambao unafuata vigezo vya kimataifa vya ukaguzi wa hesabu za umma unaitaka Serikali inapokuwa inahesabu fedha zake ziliyoingia kuhesabu pia na fedha baada ya kuwa Serikali imetoa huduma. Zamani ilikuwa lazima pesa tuishike mkononi”, amesema Polepole.

Ameendelea kutoa maelezo na kudai kuwa “Tumekusanya trilioni 25.3 pesa ambayo huduma imetoka inatarajiwa tumekwisha kuiingiza ipo. Lakini hii trilioni 25.3 ambayo ni makusanyo ya jumla. Ukitaka kujua makusanyo halisi unachukua pesa halisi unatoa makusanyo tarajiwa”.

Amesema makusanyo tarajiwa ambayo yanapatikana kwenye huduma ambazo Serikali imetoa kwa mwaka 2016/2017 na zilikuwa bado hazijakusanywa ni bilioni 687.3 na trilioni 25.3 ni fedha au mapato ghafi ambayo yanajumuisha fedha halisi na mapato tarajiwa (receiver bonds).

Amebainisha kuwa katika trilioni 25.3 ziko fedha zingine za Serikali ya Zanzibar ambazo zinafikia bilioni 203.92 na kwamba hazijumuishwi kwenye mapato na bajeti ya Tanzania Bara lakini zinatambulika kwenye mfumo wa mapato.

“Ukichukua trilioni 25.3 ukatoa bilioni 687.3, ukatoa bilioni 203.92 utapata 24.4 (trilioni 24.4), hii ndio pesa halisi iliyotumika 2017/2018. Sasa yule Bwana wa chama cha Mbunge mmoja anasema ilitumika kutoka ile trilioni 25.3 ni 23.79 (trilioni) kwahiyo kwenye trilioni 25.3 imetumika 23.79”, amesema Polepole.

Amesema katika trilioni 23.79 wakati CAG anakagua mapato, fedha ya Serikali ilikuwa kwenye hati fungani (unmatured bonds) yenye thamani ya bilioni 697.85 ambapo ikijumlishwa na fedha halisi za trilioni 23.79 unapata trilioni 24.4 ambazo zilikuwa ni makusanyo halisi ya mwaka 2017/2018.

“Nimekueleza mapato na matumizi, ukichukua trilioni 25.3 ukatoa trilioni 23.79 (fedha zilizotumika) utapata 1.5 trilioni ambayo huyu Bwana Zitto anasema imepotea, hesabu hajui”, amesema Polepole.

 

Zitto kushtakiwa

Kutokana na kile kinachodaiwa ni upotoshaji wa ripoti ya CAG kwa wananchi juu ya upotevu wa trilioni 1.5 kulikofanywa na Zitto, CCM kimetaka mwanasiasa huyo achukuliwe hatua za kisheria.

 “Siasa za namna hii ni siasa za hovyo, kauli ya Chama Cha Mapinduzi ni kwamba wale wenye dhamana ya kusimamia sheria wafanye hivyo; mizaha na kuchekacheka na watu wa tabia kama hii ndiyo iliyotufikisha pabaya. Kutoa taarifa za uongo ni kosa katika nchi yetu”, ameshauri Polepole na kuongeza kuwa,

“Tabia hii haivumiliki, wanaosema mambo ya uongo, wanaoleta taharuki kwa watu wetu sheria ichukue mkondo wake”.

Kulingana na Sheria ya Takwimu ya mwaka 2015, inaeleza kuwa mtu yeyote anayetoa taarifa za uongo zenye lengo la kupotosha au kupingana na zile zilizotolewa na mamlaka husika atakabiliwa na adhabu ya kufungwa kifungo kisichopungua miaka 2 au kulipa fidia.

Kwa upande wake, Zitto ameandika katika ukurasa wake wa Facebook kuwa, “Kuna mtu anasema nikamatwe kwa kupotosha Kuhusu TZS trilioni 1.5 zinazohojiwa na CAG. Mimi Kabwe Zuberi Ruyagwa Zitto, Mwenyeji wa Kigoma, Muislam, NAAPA kwamba Serikali ya CCM ya Awamu ya Tano imeshindwa kuonyesha kwa CAG matumizi ya shilingi trilioni 1.5.

Nipo tayari kukamatwa kwa kusema hivyo ( haitafuta ukweli wa ubadhilifu huo ). Nipo tayari kuuwawa kwa kusema hivyo ( mawazo yangu hayatakufa)”.

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