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Sayansi na Teknolojia

Meet the brains behind ‘JamiiForums’

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Six years ago, a young man and a teenager sat down and planned to create an online user-generated news platform. Then it looked like more of a game of gamble to tap into a small target market of information-hungry consumers than a well-researched business plan. But today, theirs has grown to become one of the most popular online news platforms in the country.

Perhaps the question to ask Maxence Melo and Mike Mushi is what an engineering student and a young boy waiting to join secondary school after completing Standard Seven had in mind when they created JamiiForums?

“My passion for journalism drove me into the project. I also wanted to equip journalists with the Internet as an alternative media tool to air their stories,” says Maxence, co-founder of the popular online news site.

maxence-mike

Interestingly, the two met online in 2006. At that time they created JamiiForums, the whole idea of social media was still in its infancy, if not alien, not just in Tanzania, but also in many other developing countries. One would be forgiven for saying that the decision was in itself a plunge into the dark by two youthful minds.

But half a decade down the line, Maxence and Mike seem to have hit the mark. In JamiiForums, the two have created a new way Tanzanians look at social media – from being essentially a conduit of no-holds-barred social exchanges, a dumping ground of raw emotions and a site of phatic communication to a platform where people from all walks of life can deliberate on pertinent issues affecting society with minimal restrictions.

Affectionately known as ‘The Home of Great Thinkers’, the platform that began as an act of youthful audacity now boasts about 100,000 registered members, attracts at least 150 new ones daily, and gets about 50,000 visitors every day.

In 2010, JamiiForums stamped its authority. It got its highest number of visitors ever on the first of November during the general election.

That seemed to have been a seal of approval to its creators – who had no background in journalism, but had a passion for the field with a lot of potential to spearhead political, social and economic change.

“I think people wanted to know what was going on around different parts of Tanzania. While others were posting results directly from polling stations,” says Maxence, the co-founder of the site.

On that day, he tells Success in a recent interview, more than 600,000 readers were glued to the site in search of updates on the general election.

Yet the most interesting story about JamiiForums is not the 96 million visits every month or the 12 million pageviews that it also gets on a monthly basis, but how what at first seemed like a little bit of a hit-and-miss plan by two young brains turned into a million-dollar project.

According to statscrop.com, which explores websites and monitors their performance, JamiiForums is worth $3,182,721 (approx. Sh5 billion). It is ranked the 7th most popular online social forum in the country, and number 9,944in the world, according to the Alexa rankings.

Maxence says that they are currently in the process of turning JamiiForums into a news portal – reporting live news events.

“We initially invested nothing in it except our efforts. When we started we only paid for the domain name and hosting. But now, JamiiForums has four different servers, each of them costing at least $900 (Sh1.44 million) a month,” says Maxence, whose company, Palvos Group, has 12 employees.

He adds: “If you look at it, we’re somehow running it at a loss. But we’re sure to benefit soon.”

 

The birth of JamiiForums

JamiiForums, (also known among its members as ‘JF’) is one of the Palvos Group products. It came into being in May 2008 as a successor to the former ‘JamboForums’, set up in March 2006.

Maxence Melo

“It was an online media conglomerate, bringing together a number of online forums and sites like Tanzania Economic Forum, Habari Tanzania, Jambo Network, Jambo Radio and Jambo Videos,” says Maxence.

They were compelled to change the name to avoid a wrangle on the rights to the brand name. Today, JamiiForums, whose copyright is registered in the US, is home to multiple forums, with a wider range of themes.

“We had different sites with different purposes. The aim was to set up a single site in which interested parties would converge, discuss, agree or agree to disagree. “

The aim, Maxence says, was to reach not only Kiswahili speakers across the Great Lakes Region, but also English speakers interested in the goings-on in the countries in the region.

Born in the Kantare village in Kagera Region, Maxence was a student at the Dar es Salaam Institute of Technology (DIT) when JamiiForums began. He pursued a full technician certificate, and later went on to do a Bachelor of Science degree in civil engineering at the same college.

His interest in IT had begun earlier, in the 1990s. “But then it was just an interest, which was not really taken seriously,” he says.

On completing his studies, he worked for a construction company called CSI, and quit in 2010 to focus on JamiiForums after juggling the two for four years. 

Mike Mushi

His colleague, Mike is currently pursuing a degree in business administration with Information Technology at LearnIT. Interestingly, the JamiiForums co-founder seems to be a media shy guy. Efforts by Success to get him to share a little bit more about JamiiForums were almost fruitless. But his colleague explained that Mike has his fears when it comes to dealing with the media – he is afraid of distortions.  

While this sounds ironical considering that he is someone who has created a platform where people can tell their minds freely, his reservations are understandable.

On February 18, 2008, Maxence and Mike had what Max says it’s the “worst experience” of their life when they were arrested by the police, for an interrogation that took a full day. The two were detained on ‘suspicion of a criminal activity’.

“Many times we’ve been threatened by people who want to use the State apparatus against us. But we have no issues with the authorities, except that there are some politicians, who do not know what JamiiForums is all about in the first place,” explains Max.

This year, a member of parliament asked in the National Assembly, why JamiiForums had not been closed because to the lawmaker, it was being used to insult some people.

In some government offices, the site has been blocked, says Max. “But the State itself has not bothered us in any way, despite mounting pressure from some politicians,” he explains.

But on the positive side, the pressure and threats could be worth it after all, considering that JamiiForums pumps in an average of Sh18 million from eight advertisements posted on the site.

Currently, one of the major deals JamiiForums has struck is a campaign with Vodacom aimed at reaching the offline community via SMS.

“We're charging Sh150 per SMS, and we currently have over 1,500 subscribers. We expect the number to rise in the next 60 days as we've employed our own journalists who will be reporting live events, analysing articles and verifying contents being posted on the site,” says Max.

This year, JamiiForums, Google’s biggest Kiswahili content provider, won the ‘Tanzania Leader in Local Digital Media award by Vodacom.

“We are looking forward to redesigning the site to meet the current market,” Max reveals.

They also have plans to open offices in Nairobi and work on the Ugandan and French versions (targeting Congo and Rwanda).

Article written By Joseph Mtebe | The Citizen | October 23, 2012 | Email: joefortunatus@gmail.com

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4 Comments

4 Comments

  1. MZALENDO 68

    27/10/2012 at 3:41 pm

    NATAMANI KUJUA JINSI YA KUTUMAI HUU MTANDAO TAFADHARI NIELEKEZENI

  2. antipas riziki

    05/11/2012 at 6:48 am

    nimependa idea zenu na mungu awabariki muwe na mafanikio na maisha marefu mufaidi matunda yenu

  3. fredy white

    05/12/2012 at 11:26 am

    me too i would like to know much about your network?

  4. ray05

    02/01/2013 at 3:54 am

    inspired by these guys

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Biashara/Uchumi

Ukosefu wa taarifa sahihi za viwango na aina ya samaki wakwamisha ujenzi wa viwanda nchini

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Tanzania itaanza kufaidika na rasilimali za bahari baada ya kuanza kutekeleza Programu ya Udhibiti na Matumizi Endelevu wa Rasilimali Samaki (EAF-Nansen) kudhibiti mabadiliko ya tabia na uchafuzi wa mazingira yanavyoathiri uzalishaji wa mazingira ya bahari na afya.

Programu ya EAF-Nansen inayofadhiliwa na Norway na kutekelezwa na Shirika la Chakula na Kilimo la Umoja wa Mataifa (FAO) kwa kushirikiana na Taasisi ya Utafiti wa Mambo ya Bahari ya Norway (IMR) itasaidia kutunza mazingira na mifumo ya ikolojia kwa upande mmoja na kutatua mahitaji ya binadamu ya chakula na faida za kiuchumi.

Programu hiyo imekuja siku chache baada ya meli ya kisasa ya utafiti wa samaki na mazingira baharini yenye jina la Dkt. Fridtjof Nansen kukamilisha uchunguzi wake wa rasilimali na mazingira bahari katika maji ya Bahari ya Hindi nchini Tanzania.

Meli hiyo imebaini kuwa Tanzania ina uhaba wa taarifa sahihi za viwango na aina ya samaki, hali inayokwamisha ujenzi wa viwanda vya kusindika samaki nchini.

Chini ya Mpango wa Programu ya EAF-Nansen, meli hiyo inaendesha utafiti wake wa rasilimali bahari na mazingira baharini katika ukanda wa Kusini Mashariki mwa Afrika na Bahari ya Hindi. Nchi thelathini za Kiafrika ikiwemo Tanzania zitapata msaada wa kitaalamu na kisayansi wa namna ya kudhibiti rasilimali zao za samaki na viumbe bahari wengine kwa kutumia na kutekeleza mpango endelevu wa utunzaji wa mazingira.

Akizungumza katika hafla fupi ya kilele cha utafiti huo iliyofanyika ndani ya meli iliyotia nanga katika Bandari ya Dar es Salaam, Katibu mkuu kiongozi, Balozi John Kijazi amesema mpango huo umekuja kwa wakati muafaka kwani utachochea kasi ya uanzishwaji wa viwanda hapa nchini hususani katika sekta ya uvuvi.

Hii ni hatua kubwa sana kwa Tanzania ambayo itafaidika na huduma za utafiti wa kisasa wa meli hii kupitia ushirikiano wa wadau hapa nikizungumzia FAO na Serikali ya Norway, kuweza kujua kwa uhakika aina na kiwango cha samaki na rasilimali bahari nyingine tulizonazo katika maji yetu,” amesema Balozi Kijazi.

Amesema taarifa kuhusu rasilimali bahari yetu ni muhimu sana katika kufanya maamuzi na kupata fursa za ndani na kimataifa za uwekezaji katika sekta ya uvuvi na kutilia maanani mambo muhimu ya utunzaji wa mazingira.

Kwa kutumia taarifa sahihi tunaweza kuwavutia wawekezaji kuja na kujenga viwanda vya kusindika samaki na vingine vinavyohusiana na sekta hii ya uvuvi na hivyo kuongeza kasi kwenye mpango wetu wa kujenga Tanzania ya viwanda,” amesema Balozi Kijazi.

Kwa upande wake,Waziri wa Mifugo na Uvuvi, Luhaga Joelson Mpina amesema, mpango huo utaongeza ajira na matumizi ya teknolojia ya kisasa katika sekta ya uvuvi. “Hii itatuwezesha kupata wawekezaji katika eneo hili ambao watajenga viwanda vya kuchakata na kusindika mazao ya samaki ambapo mbali ya kutoa fursa za ajira kwa watu wetu hususani vijana katika mnyororo wa thamani, lakini pia utakuza mapato ya Serikali.”

Wadau wa mazingira wanasema ikiwa mpango huo utatekelezwa kikamilifu unaweza kusaidia kupunguza athari za mabadiliko ya hali ya hewa ambayo yameathiri uhai wa bahari na rasilimali zilizopo.

Mbali ya taarifa ambazo zitawezesha udhibiti bora wa rasilimali kwa matumizi endelevu, utafiti huu utapekelea uelewa mzuri wa athari za mabadiliko ya tabia nchi na athari nyingine za nje, kama vile uchafuzi wa mazingira na mifumo ya uhai baharini.,” amesema Mwakilishi wa FAO nchini Tanzania, Fred Kafeero.

Programu ya Udhibiti na Matumizi Endelevu wa Rasilimali Samaki (EAF) imekuwa ni moja ya marejeo makuu za FAO katika kusaidia nchi katika juhudi zao za kudhibiti na kutekeleza kanuni za maendeleo endelevu.

Kwa mujibu wa FAO, programu ya EAF ni njia ya kutekeleza kanuni sahihi za uvuvi kwa kutoa mwongozo wa namna ya kufikia malengo ya sera ya kiuchumi, kijamii na ikolojia kupitia malengo, viashiria na njia za tathimini. EAF inanuia kuweka uwiano kati ya mambo mawili muhimu; Utunzaji wa mazingira na mifumo ya ikolojia kwa upande mmoja na kuweza kutatua mahitaji ya binadamu ya chakula na faida za kiuchumi upande mwingine.

Uvuvi haramu bado ni changamoto

Utafiti uliotolewa hivi karibuni na Taasisi ya Overseas Development ya nchini Uingereza unaeleza tatizo la uvuvi haramu kwenye bahari kuu ikiwemo bahari ya Hindi kwamba unachochewa zaidi na ukosefu wa miundombinu ya mawasiliano, ushirikiano na teknolojia ya kutunza takwimu za meli za uvuvi kwenye bahari kuu ikiwemo bahari ya Hindi ambayo inaunganisha mataifa mbalimbali duniani.

Tatizo ni kubwa kwa nchi za Afrika ambazo hazina teknolojia ya kisasa na taasisi imara za kusimamia uvuvi ambapo kila mwaka nchi za Afrika Magharibi zinapoteza Dola bilioni 2 za kimarekani huku nchi zinazotumia bahari ya Afrika Mashariki (Kenya, Tanzania, Mauritius, the Comoros, Mozambique, and the Seychelles ) zinapoteza zaidi dola milioni 200 kila mwaka.

Licha ya kila nchi kuwa na taratibu zake katika kupambana na uvuvi haramu, hazijafanikiwa kumaliza tatizo hilo na changamoto inayojitokeza kwenye ukusanyaji wa takwimu na matumizi ya vifaa vya kusimamia mwenendo wa meli katika eneo la bahari kuu.

Utafiti huo unaeleza kuwa ili kufuatilia eneo na safari, meli zinapaswa kuwa na kifaa cha mawasiliano kijulikanacho, ‘Vessel Management Systems (VMS)’. Hata hivyo meli nyingi hazina kifaa hiki hasa katika nchi zinazoendelea ambako teknolojia hiyo haipatikani au wasimamizi wa meli huzima ili kuepuka kufuatiliwa na mamlaka husika.

Licha ya kifaa cha VMS kuwa na uwezo wa kutambua eneo, umbali na mwelekeo wa meli lakini hakiwezi kutambua meli zinazoharibu mazalia ya samaki na viumbe wengine wa baharini

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Biashara/Uchumi

BAJETI YA VIWANDA 2018/2019: Wabunge wampa waziri Mwijage somo la uwekezaji

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Hatimaye Waziri wa Viwanda, Biashara na Uwekezaji, Charles Mwijage amewasilisha bajeti ya Sh143.33 bilioni, ikiwa ni ongezeko la Sh21.1 bilioni ikilinganishwa na bajeti ya wizara hiyo kwa mwaka 2017/18 yenye vipaumbele 13, huku sakata la kupanda bei ya sukari  na mafuta ya kula likiendelea kuteka mijadala ya wizara hiyo.

Akiwasilisha bajeti hiyo bungeni jijini Dodoma, Mwijage alisema kati ya fedha hizo, Sh bilioni 43.3 ni za matumizi ya kawaida na Sh bilioni 100 ni za matumizi ya maendeleo.

Bajeti hiyo ambayo ilikuwa inasubiriwa kwa hamu imeainisha vipaumbele 13 vya wizara hiyo kwa kushirikiana na taasisi zake ni kutunisha mtaji wa Mfuko wa Taifa wa Maendeleo ya Wajasiriamali (NEDF); kuendeleza miradi ya kielelezo ya Mchuchuma na Liganga kwa kulipia fidia, mradi wa magadi Soda Engaruka na Kiwanda cha Matairi Arusha.

Vipaombele vingine ni uendelezaji wa eneo la Viwanda la TAMCO Kibaha, mradi wa kuunganisha matrekta ya URSUS, uendelezaji wa Mitaa na maeneo ya viwanda vya Shirika la Viwanda vidogo vidogo (SIDO);  Kuendeleza Kanda Kuu za Uchumi (Ruvuma, Tanga, Kigoma na Manyoni).

“Pia kuendeleza mradi wa Bagamoyo SEZ & BMSEZ; Kituo cha ughavi Kurasini na Eneo la Viwanda la Kigamboni; Kuendeleza utafiti kwa ajili ya TIRDO (Shirika la Utafiti na Maendeleo ya Viwanda Tanzania), CAMARTEC (Kituo cha Zana za Kilimo na Teknolojia Vijijini) na TEMDO (Shirika la Uhandisi na Usanifu wa Mitambo); Dodoma Leather and Dodoma SEZ; na ujenzi wa maeneo maalumu ya viwanda,” alisema Mwijage.

Pamoja na vipaumbele hivyo, wizara itaweka msukumo wa pekee katika kuhamasisha ujenzi wa sekta binafsi ya Kitanzania iliyo imara ili iweze kushiriki na kuchangia ipasavyo katika ujenzi wa uchumi wa viwanda.

 

Viwanda vilivyopo nchini

Wizara ya Viwanda, Biashara na Uwekezaji imelieleza Bunge kuwa, kwa mujibu wa Ofisi ya Taifa ya Takwimu (NBS), hadi Machi mwaka huu, Tanzania ilikuwa na viwanda 53,876 vikiwemo vikubwa 251 sawa na asilimia 0.46.

Waziri wa Wizara hiyo, Charles Mwijage amesema, hadi wakati huo, kulikuwa na viwanda vya kati 173, vidogo 6,957 na vidogo sana 46,495.

Amesema, tangu Serikali ya Awamu ya Tano ilipoingia madarakani, hadi Machi mwaka huu vimejengwa viwanda vipya 3,306.

 

Dhana ya Kiwanda

Waziri wa Viwanda, Biashara na Uwekezaji, Charles Mwijage amewaeleza wabunge wa Bunge la Tanzania na wananchi maana ya neno kiwanda, kutokana na kuwepo na mkanganyiko wa dhana halisi ya kiwanda.

Kwa mujibu wa Mwijage, kiwanda ni eneo ambalo malighafi huchakatwa kwa muktadha wa uongezaji thamani. Amesema, shughuli yoyote ndogo au kubwa ya kuongeza thamani kwenye malighafi kwa lengo la kutoa bidhaa ni shughuli ya kiwanda.

Amesema, kwa vigezo vya kimataifa, makundi ya viwanda huzingatia ajira, mtaji na mapato lakini kwa Tanzania vigezo vinavyozingatiwa ni kiwango cha mtaji na ajira zinazotokana na shughuli husika za kuongeza thamani.

 Kiwanda ni eneo ambalo malighafi huchakatwa kwa muktadha wa uongezaji thamani

 

Michango ya Wabunge

Waziri Kivuli wa Viwanda, Biashara na Uwekezaji, Anthony Komu amesema sera ya viwanda imeipa kisogo miradi ya Liganga na Mchuchuma jambo linaloilazimu Serikali kuagiza chuma nje ya nchi kwa ajili ya ujenzi wa reli na malighafi za viwanda vya nondo nchini.

Akichangia mjadala wa bajeti ya viwanda, biashara na uwekezaji, Komu amesema licha ya miradi hiyo kuanza kuzungumziwa miaka kadhaa iliyopita, serikali imeendelea kupiga danadana kuitekeleza.

Komu ambaye pia ni Mbunge wa Moshi vijijini (Chadema), amesema mwenendo huo unadhihirisha kuwa uwekezaji unaofanywa kwenye sekta ya viwanda hauwezi kuonesha dalili njema iwapo hakutakuwapo na maji ya kutosha.

“Sasa miradi ya gesi asili haijatumika vya kutosha lakini cha ajabu serikali imekimbilia kuwekeza kwenye Stiggler’s Gorge na kuanzisha vita na mataifa mengine duniani, ambayo ni sawa na kuhamisha goli, hapakuwa na ulazima huo hasa ikizingatiwa miradi mikubwa iliyoanzishwa haijatumika ipasavyo wala kutengamaa,” amesema.

Kwa upande wake, Mbunge wa Kigoma Mjini, Zitto Kabwe amesema wizara ya viwanda inapaswa kuongozwa kidiplomasia na si kama Tawala za Mikoa na Serikali za Mitaa (TAMISEMI). Akiwa na maana kuwa waziri wa wizara hiyo anatakiwa kupewa safari za nje ya nchi kutafuta masoko ya bidhaa za viwanda vya ndani.

“Huwezi kuongoza wizara hii kama unaongoza Tamisemi, ni diplomasia,” alisema Zitto.

Kutokana na kauli hiyo, Spika wa bunge Job Ndugai amekiri kuguswa na mchango huo na kusisitiza kuwa ni kweli mawaziri inabidi wasafiri ili kuimarisha mahusiano na nchi za nje katika kukuza uchumi wa viwanda.

“Waziri wa Biashara hawezi kukaa na sisi hapa, lazima ende, tumuombee popote pale kwenye mamlaka lazima asafiri, maana bidhaa zetu tutauza Kongwa, kuna soko huko?

“Waziri wa utalii lazima asafiri ‘apige mawingu’ huko na wengine huko, ndiyo ukweli jamani, sisi wabunge lazima tuwasemee,” amesisitiza Ndugai.

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Sayansi na Teknolojia

Mahakama Kuu yazuia utekelezaji wa kanuni za Maudhui Mtandaoni

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  • Ni zile zinazowataka wamiliki wa blogu na runinga za mtandaoni kupata leseni toka serikalini
  • Wanaharakati wasema zinakiuka haki za msingi za binadamu

Mahakama Kuu Kanda ya Mtwara  imetoa  zuio la muda  linalozuia matumizi ya Kanuni za Maudhui ya Mtandaoni  ampaka kesi  ya msingi iliyofunguliwa na watetezi wa haki za binadamu itakaposikilizwa.

Kimsingi kanuni hizo zilipaswa kuanza kutumika Mei 5 mwaka huu, baadaya ya Mamlaka ya Mawasiliano Tanzania (TCRA) ambayo ilitoa wiki mbili kwa wamiliki wa blogu, majukwaa, redio na runinga za mtandaoni kuwasilisha maombi katika mamlaka hiyo ili kupata leseni ya kuendesha shughuli zao mtandaoni.

Hii inatokea kiwa imebaki siku moja kwa tarehe ya mwisho na iliyowekwa na TCRA kuwasilisha mambi ya leseni, Mahakama Kuu imetoa zuio hilo baada ya taasisi sita kuwasilisha mahakamani maombi ya kuzuia matumizi ya Kanuni hizo April 30, mwaka huu.

Taasisi zilizowasilisha maombi hayo mahakamani ni Kituo cha Sheria na Haki za Binadamu (LHRC), Mtandao wa Watetezi wa Haki za Binadamu Tanzania (THRD), Baraza la Habari Tanzania (MCT), Jamii Media, Chama Cha Wanawake Wanahabari Tanzania (TAMWA) na Jukwaa la Wahariri Tanzania (TEF).

Katika kesi ya msingi ya mapitio ya kanuni hizo, taasisi tajwa zimewashitaki  Waziri wa Habari, Utamaduni na Michezo, Mamlaka ya Mawasiliano Tanzania (TCRA) na Mwanasheria Mkuu wa Serikali.

Katika maombi ya msingi taasisi hizo zinaiomba Mahakama Kuu kufanya mapitio ya kanuni hizo kwa kigezo kwamba Waziri ametumia nguvu ya kisheria nje ya mamlaka yake ( Ultra vires). Pia kanuni hizo zinakiuka haki ya usawa  katika matumizi ya mitandao ya kijamii bila kuwekewa vikwazo vinavyoathiri kundi fulani la watu.

Maombi hayo pia yamejikita kupitia kanuni hizo kwasababu zinapingana na haki ya kujieleza ( Freedom of exepression) haki ya kusikilizwa( rights to be heard) , na haki ya usiri ( Privacy rights) ambazo zote kwa pamoja zinawahusu moja kwa moja watumiaji wa mitandao ya kijamii.

Baada ya zuio hilo la Mahakama Kuu kanda ya Matwara, imepanga kusikiliza  tena kesi ya msingi Mei, 10 2018.

 

Kanuni za Maudhui ya Mtandaoni

Kanuni za Maudhui ya Mtandaoni (Online Content Regulations) zilipitishwa na serikali Februari mwaka huu ili kufanya kazi sambamba na Sheria ya Makosa ya Mtandao ya mwaka 2015, ambayo imekuwa ikilalamikiwa kwa kuminya uhuru wa kujieleza na kutoa maoni.

 Kwa mujibu wa Kanuni hizo ili mtu akubalike kutoa huduma ya blogu, jukwaa, redio na runinga za mtandaoni, muombaji atalazimika kujaza fomu inayoelezea gharama tarajiwa za uwekezaji, idadi ya wakurugenzi na wafanyakazi na wana hisa wa jukwaa/blogu husika . Pia kila mwana hisa anapaswa kuainisha mtaji aliochangia kwenye huduma husika, tarehe ya kuanza kufanya kazi na mipango ya baadaye ya ukuaji wa blogu.

Pia wamiliki wanapaswa kulipa kiasi kisichopungua milioni 2 ili apate leseni, jambo ambalo limepingwa na wadau wa habari nchini wakidai ada hiyo ni kubwa na inalenga kuzuia upatikanaji wa habari kwa wananchi kwasababu wamiliki wengi hawana hicho kiasi.

Licha ya mamlaka husika kutoa kibali au leseni ya kuendesha blogu, pia ina nguvu kisheria kunyang’anya kibali/leseni ikiwa blogu itachapisha maudhui yanayodhaniwa ‘ kusababisha au kuhatarisha amani, kuchochea machafuko au uhalifu’ au ‘yanatishia usalama wa taifa au afya na usalama wa umma’.

                         Watumiaji wa simu janja nao watakasa taarifa

 

Waliopewa mamlaka ya kusimamia maudhui ya mtandaoni ambao ni Mamlaka ya Mawasiliano Tanzania (TCRA) watakuwa na uwezo pia wa kuwalazimisha wamiliki wa blogu au tovuti kuondoa maudhui yanayodhaniwa kuwa hayafai ndani ya saa 12 na kama hawajatimiza maagizo hayo wanaweza kulipa fidia isiyopungua milioni tano  au kifungo kisichopungua mwaka mmoja jela.

Tangu zilipopendekezwa mwaka jana, wanaharakati na watetezi wa haki za binadamu ikiwemo Mwanzilishi wa JamiiForums, Maxence Melo walijitokeza na kuhoji baadhi ya vipengele ambavyo vilionekana kukiuka faragha za watu, kuminya uhuru wa wananchi kujieleza na kutoa maoni.

Kanuni hizo zitaithiri JamiiForums kwasababu watumiaji wake watatakiwa kutumia majina halisi na siyo ilivyo sasa ambapo mtu ana uamuzi wa kutumia jina lolote. JamiiForums ilifanya hivyo ili kulinda faragha za watumiaji wake na kuongeza uhuru kujieleza.

Haya yote yanatokea Tanzania, ambako juhudi mbalimbali za kuinua teknolojia ya mawasiliano na habari zinaendelea ili kushindana na nchi jirani za Afrika Mashariki kama Kenya.

“Masharti ya usajili na ada yanaonekana kuwa mzigo mkubwa kwa waanzilishi wa blogu na runinga za mtandaoni, hatimaye itakamwamisha mchakato wa kuinua uhuru wa habari nchini”, alisema, Angela Quintal, Mkurugenzi wa Kamati ya Afrika ya Kuwalinda wanahabari.

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Muhimu Kusoma

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